Textbook Notes (362,879)
Canada (158,081)
Psychology (4,729)
Chapter 10

Psychology 2035- Marriage and Intimate Relationships- Chapter 10

19 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

Chapter 10 Notes Marriage and Intimate RelationshipsChallenges to the Traditional Model of MarriageMarriage legally and socially sanctioned union of sexually intimate adultsEconomic interdependence common residence sexual fidelity shared responsibility forchildren the traditional relationshipShifting social trends now shaking up traditional roles1 Increased acceptance of singlehoodoLonger postponement of marriageoMedian age increasingo2005 median age of first marriage 258 women 271 menoNegative stereotype of remaining single is evaporating2 Increased acceptance of cohabitationoLiving together in a sexually intimate relationship without the legal bonds of marriageoNegative attitudes towards it have declinedoPrevalence of cohabitation increased dramaticallyoMarried couples are a minority for the first timeo497of households marriedoCohabiting relationships increasingly involve marriage3 Reduces premium on permanenceoIncreasing number of people regard divorce as justifiable if marriage fails to foster theirinterestsoSocial stigma associated with divorce has lessenedoDivorce rates have climbedo50marriages end in divorce4 Transitions in gender rolesoWomens movement and economic pressuresoGenderrole expectationsoTraditional breadwinners and homemaker is discardedoChanging gender roles create new potential for conflict between marital partners5Increased voluntary childlessnesso women without children is climbingoMarried couples choosing not to have children or delayoBecause of new career opportunities for women larrying at a later age changingattitudes etc6 Decline of the traditional nuclear familyoIdeal family should have a husband wife and two or more children man serving as solebreadwinneroImage was never accuratesmall minority of American families match idealoIncreasing prevalence of single parent households stepfamilies childrens marriagesunwed parents working wives makestraditional nuclear family highly deceptiveoDoes not reflect the diversity of family structures in AmericaoChange is reflected in the fact that many tv shows reflect alternative family structuresSummary norms that mold marital and intimate relationships have been restructuredfundamentallyPeople increasingly embracing more individualistic valuesInstitution of marriage is in a period of transitionDeciding to MarryHow culture influences marriageModern Western CulturesUnusual in permitting free choice of ones marital partnerMany societies rely on arrangementsSeverely restrict the range of acceptable partners along religious and class lines80 of world cultures practice arranged marriagesoFamilies and communities collectivist nations ie india china west AfricanPractise is declining due to westernizationCollectivist societies weigh strongly the impact a relationship will have on their family ratherthan rely solely on what their heart saysAttitudes about love in india Pakistan Thailand and west African countries reflect these culturalprioritiesSelecting a mateMonogamy and PolygamyMonogamy practise of having only one spouse at a timeoNorm and the lawPolygamy having more than one spouse at a timeoWesterners relate it to Mormon religionoIn both well and poorly functioning families is painful for wivesoHave to accept it is a way of life and gods willoAllocating household resources equally maintaining an attitude of respect for the otherwivesoPractised in Algeria Kuwait Saudi Islamic groupsoMost common in societies where women have little or no independence access toeducation or political powerEndogamyotendency for people to marry within their own groupopeople tend to marry others with same race religion ethnic background social classopromoted by cultural norms and by way similarity fosters interpersonal attractionoappears to be declining but graduallyo2000 6 of households reported interracial marriages from 1 in 1970oResearch there is no difference between interracial couples and same race couples interms of relationship quality conflict patterns attachmentoInterracial couples tend to have higher satisfactionespec Those who feel positiveabout their own race as well as accepting about othersHomogamyoTendency for people to marry others who have similar personal characteristicsoSimilar in age education physical attractiveness marital history and even vulnerability topsychological disordersoAssociated with long lasting and more satisfying relationships 9marital
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2035A/B

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.