Psychology 2035A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Social Comparison Theory, Pre-Medical, Intelligence Quotient

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: an organized collection of beliefs about the self that are developed from one"s past experiences and these schemas are concerned with traits, abilities, values, goals, etc. People have schemas about things that are important to them. According to higgins people have several organized self-perceptions: : qualities you believe that you actually posses. : characteristics you would like to have: the actual self, the ideal self, the ought self. The ideal and ought selves serve as personal standards or self-guides that direct behaviour. Actual/ought self-discrepancies produce agitation-related emotions anxiety, guilt, irritability (not talking to your grandparents as much as you should) There are 3 factors that affect how people manage these self-discrepancies: the amount of discrepancy you experience, your awareness of the discrepancy, and whether it"s important to you (e. g. english vs. pre-med student getting a c in math) : people compare themselves to others in order to assess their.

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