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Chapter 15

Psychology 2035A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Psychoanalysis, Chlorpromazine, Antipsychotic

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Jane Dickson

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Chapter 15 Reading Notes
Elements of the Treatment Process
All psychotherapies involve a helping relationship (treatment) between a professional with special training
(therapist) and another person in need of help (client)
Treatments: How Many Types Are There?
oApproaches can be classified in to three categories:
Insight therapies
“talk therapy”
goal is to increase insight regarding the nature of the client’s difficulties and to sort
through possible solutions.
Behavior therapies
Instead of emphasizing personal insights, behavior therapists make direct efforts to alter
problematic responses (phobic behaviors) and maladaptive habits
Biomedical therapies
Drug therapy and electroconvulsive therapy
Psychiatrists can prescribe, psychologists cannot but theyre campaigning to be able to
Clients: Who Seeks Therapy?
oAmong adults, the two most common reasons for who goes are those with depression and anxiety
oWomen are more likely than men to seek professional help and whites are more likely than blacks or
Hispanics to obtain therapy
oTreatment is more likely when they have medical insurance and are better educated
Therapists: Who Provides Professional Treatment?
Two types of psychologists may provide therapy, although the distinction between them is more
theoretical than real
Clinical psychologists and counseling psychologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of
psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems.
Clinical is for full-fledged disorders and counseling is for everyday adjustment problems in
normal people. In practice however, there is a great overlap between them
Psychiatrists are physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders.
Insight Therapies
Psychoanalysis (Freud)
oInsight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through
techniques such as free association, dream analysis and transference.
oProbing the unconscious
In an effort to explore the unconscious you rely on two techniques: free association and dream
Free association – lie on a couch and talk about whatever comes to mind.
Dream analysis – clients replay their dreams and the therapist analyzes the symbolism in these
dreams to interpret their meaning
oTransference – when patients start relating to their therapists in ways that mimic critical relationships in
their lives
The client transfers conflicting feelings about important people onto the therapist
Psychoanalysts encourage transference so that clients begin to reenact relations with crucial
people in the context of therapy
Client-Centered Therapy (Rogers)
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