The average person works 8 hours a day, 5 days a week, 50 weeks a year for 40-45 years. Most people spend more time working than any other activity. Choosing a career is a luxury afforded to the middle and upper classes. Personal characteristics: people who exhibit secure attachment and who have a sense of self-efficacy about career- relevant abilities find it easier to make career choices, intelligence does not predict occupational success. But it does predict the likelihood of entering particular occupations (because it is related to academic success: the relationship between intelligence and occupational level holds well for men. Social-emotional or interpersonal intelligence (the ability to behave wisely in human relations and to accurately interpret emotions and intentions) are very important: interests should be considered in career planning because it motivates people. Family influences: people"s career choices are strongly influenced by their family background.