Psychology 2040A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Tabula Rasa, Confounding, Field Experiment

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In medieval times, children were afforded few of the rights and protections of today s youth y the 17th & 18th c. philosophies of original sin, innate purity, and tabula rasa y contributed to a more humane outlook on children. In the 19th c. , scientists began to record the development of their infant sons and daughters in baby biographies y the scientific study of development did not emerge until the early 1900 s when g. Stanley hall began to collect and formulate theories about human development y soon, other researchers were deriving hypotheses and conducting research to evaluate and extend early theories. However, lack of control over natural events prevents the quasi-experimenter from drawing definitive conclusions about cause and effect y cross-cultural studies: compare participants from different cultures and sub-cultures on one or more aspects of development. Identify universal patterns of development: demonstrate that other aspects of development are heavily influenced by the social context in which they occur.