Textbook Notes (369,142)
Canada (162,412)
Psychology (4,934)
Chapter 13

Psych 2042b - Chapter 13.docx

6 Pages
157 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 2042A/B
Professor
James M Olson

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 13: Eating Disorders and Related Conditions How Eating Patterns Develop - Normal development o 1 in 4 kids picky eaters (mostly girls) o Age 9: girls want to lose weight o Weight concerns come from comments, media, etc. st o Parent-child relationship*** 1 important o Entering school** 2 important - Developmental risk factors o Drive for thinness for image, dieting  Girls think this will bring them success o Early eating habits, attitudes, behaviours  People think cultural standards are tied to ability control how much you weigh  These are internalized and come at early age (7-10)  CASE STUDY: 25% girls have eating problems at each assessment over 8 years  RESULT: early puberty, more fat, psychological problem, worse body  Weight concern and body image related to eating problems in adolescence o Transition into adolescence  Anorexia and bulimia most often starts in adolescence (rare after)  Girls who mature early = fatter  Girls see themselves worse than boys  Girls who see themselves as “superwomen” (like the girls in media) at high risk for getting eating disorders o Dieting and weight concerns  Dieting is very popular in North America  Chronic diet – 10 times a year  Starts in elementary, continues throughout adolescence  Mid-adolescence – 2/3 girls diet (10% are chronic dieters)  Only 2% chronic in boys  Purging – vomiting, using laxatives to get rid of food in body  Binge-purge cycle – diet, crave, binge eat, purge, disgust, repeat  Dieting is good or bad  False hope syndrome - Biological regulators o Metabolic rate – genetic and habit based o Individual metabolism – self-monitored o Malnutrition – more GH, shitty circadian rhythm, lethargy, apathy o Body weight – people have a natural weight range that their body tries to maintain o Growth – highly dependent on growth hormone (during deep sleep), thyroid hormone, gonadal steroids (adolescence) - Growth hormone o Released by pituitary gland o GH inhibiting factor – stops GH response, says you’re full o GH releasing factor – tells body when and where to grow Obesity - Age 2-19: 1 in 6 are obese - Childhood obesity – excessively fat kids o Calculated by BMI (above 95%)  Kid’s weight/ 2(height in inches) * 703 = BMI - Prevalence and development o 1980-2000 – obesity times 3 in boys, times 2 in girls o 1990-2010 – childhood obesity from 4.2% - 6.7% o Childhood obesity likely continues to older age o Cholesterol & triglycerides o Hispanics fatter o Non-Hispanic black girls fatter o USA is fattest country - Causes o Fat parents 3 times more expected to have fat kids o A large portion is heritable (hormone called LEPTIN)  Leptin deficiency known to make kids fatter o Family and individual choices - Treatment o Restricting diet ISN’T recommended o Be more active fatty o Requires both self and family efforts o Educate yourself! (school stuff) Feeding and Eating Disorders (THREE categories) 1. Feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood o Before age 6 o Sudden loss of weight gain o Prevalence and development  1 in 3 kids (boys and girls)  Early onset = malnutrition  No typical outcome o Causes and treatment  Family problems, poverty, social isolation, mentally ill parents  Maternal eating disorder  Affects child eating habits a lot  Treat individually and with parental help 2. Pica o Eating stuff that you’re not supposed to eat for a month o Usually kids that aren’t smart o Bad if it goes to adolescence o Prevalence and development  Higher in institutionalized kids and adults  Mental retarded  0.3–14.4% in retarded, 9-25% in institutionalized o Causes and treatment  Being retarded or not enough supervision  No biological abnormalities are linked  No genetic factor  Treat by conditioning and give supervisors education 3. Failure to thrive (FTT) o Growth disorder o Early feeding disturbance o Prevalence th
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit