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Chapter 5

Ch.5 textbook notes for distance studies summer course

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Psychology 2042A/B
Alvin Segal

Chapter 5Classification Assessment and InterventionClassification and Taxonomy the delineation of major categories or dimensions of behavioral disorders done for either clinical or scientific purposesDiagnosis Assigning a category of classification system to an individualAssessment evaluating youngsters in part to assist the processes of classification and diagnosis and to direct interventionClassification systems used to systematically describe a phenomenonCategory discrete grouping ex anxiety disorder into which an individual is judged to fit or not fitDimension an attribute is continuous and can occur to various degreesex child can exhibit high moderate or low levels of anxietyDiagnostic groupings must be distinguishable from one anotherFeatures used to describe a category must occur tgt reguarly in one or more situations or as measured by one or more methodsInterrater reliability whether different diagnosticians use the same category to describe a persons behaviourTestretest reliability whether the use of a category is stable over some reasonable period of timeClinical utility a diagnostic system that describes all the disorders that come to the attention of clinicians in a manner that is useful to them is more likely to be usedJudged by how complete and useful it isDSM ApproachDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM most widely used classification system in US aka Clinically Derived Classification systemCategorical approach person either does or does not meet criteria for a diagnosisInternational Classification of Diseases ICD developed by WHO is alternative systemDiagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood revised DC 03 used to classify mental disorders of very young children age 03Clinically derived classification systems based on consensus of clinicians tht certain characteristics will occur tgt top down approachesDifference btwn normal and pathological is one of a kind rather than one of a degreeDSMIVTR Text Revision Includes info about features that may be associated with disorders and info regarding cultural age and gender features probable course of the disorder prevalence familial patterns etcThis revision did not adddrop diagnostic categories or change criteriaDSMII III AND IIIR 1960s expanded number of categories specific to children and adolescentsDSM Multiaxial SystemAxis IClinical disordersOther conditions that may be focus of clinical attentionAxis IIPersonality disordersMental retardationAxis IIIGeneral medical conditionsAxis IVPsychosocial and environmental problems ex death of family memberAxis VGlobal assessment of functioning judgement on scale of 0100
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