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Chapter 3

Chapter 3- Risk Factors

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Psychology 2043A/B
Esther Goldberg

Chapter 3Risk Factors and Children at Risky Cassidy and Bates risk tended to be divided into 2 categorieso 1 An individual deficit category that sees student and their families as the source of risko 2 Tales a wider social justice approach and recognizes that difficulties faced by individuals families and cultural groups are inevitably bound up with larger social inequities of poverty marginalization and disadvantage y Risk factors the things that account for varied adverse outcomeso Established resolves chiefly around genetic and chromosomal factorso Biological account for disabling or potentially disabling conditions infection intoxicants maternal nutrition low birth weight prematurity o Environmental causes that place student at risk for developing problems poverty dysfunctional families and cultural and linguistic differences The Important Etiological Considerations y Etiology refers to the process of finding causes to explain how a particular problem came into existenceo Includes symptomology the study of symptoms and characteristics and the overt reactions or manifestations of the body to certain conditionso Teratology the study of agents teratogens involved in causing malformations and how these impact on the longterm medical and psychological functioning of an affected individualy Behavioural phenotype refers to patterns of behaviour or the specific and characteristic behaviour repertoire exhibited by individuals with a certain condition Risk Factorsy Risk factors refers to the biological and environmental conditions associated with an increased probability that an individual will develop problems in one or many domains of functioningy Risk factors may be intrinsicinvolved with an individuals makeupor extrinsicinvolved with an environment that elevates risky When individuals are exposed to risk factors they become at riskthey have increased vulnerability for adverse outcomesy 3070 of infants classified at birth as at risk eventually develop problems that require some form of interventiony Resiliency Established Risky Established risk refers to medical conditions and anomalies that invariably result in a disability or development delayy This means that certain causes are known to relate to certain conditions
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