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Chapter 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2061A/B
Professor
Mel Usselman
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 1 Sexual behavior behavior that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm. Religion Ancient greeks • Openly acknowledged both homosexuality and heterosexuality • Existence of “double creatures” that the Gods’ split • A double female look for its missing half, whereas a half male/half female became  heterosexual Christians • Wet dreams, sexual dysfunction, sexual lust all caused by witchcraft • Wet dreams resulted from intercourse with spiritual creatures: incubi and succubi Muslims • Pleasure defines sexuality over reproduction Media influence (communications theory) Cultivation  people begin to think what they see in the media is an accurate  representation of our culture  Agenda­setting when the media chooses what to emphasize to make the viewers  think what they should pay attention to Social learning imitating the behavior of what we see in the media Cross­cultural perspectives Culture Traditional values passed down generations that serve as the norm  observed in the group Ethnocentrism Belief that one’s culture is superior to others, and that it should  serve as the standard by which other cultures should be judged Incest taboo regulation prohibiting sexual interaction between close blood  relatives Same­sex partners • 1. Behavior occurs in all societies no matter how it’s viewed • 2. Males are more likely than females • 3. Never the predominant form of sexual behavior  Sexual health Sexual health state of physical, emotional, social, mental well­being related to sexuality Sexual rights Basic rights guaranteed in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that all humans should have, both positive and negative.  Negative rights are freedom “from”— Positive rights are freedom “for” –­­ Variatio
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