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Psychology (4,729)
Chapter 14


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Western University
Psychology 2062A/B
Patrick Brown

Volvo effect: because standardized test scores are so highly correlated with parents wealth you might easily look at what car parents drive to determine how likely a given student would be to do well on a standardized test Standardized tests: published tests that teachers administer and interpret in customary and established ways Achievement tests: tests intended to measure what students have learned in school as a result of instruction, based on what students are expected to learn Aptitude test: an examination of an individuals mental ability intended to predict how a person might perform in an educational setting Computer adaptive assessment: test administered by a computer instead of the more common paper-and-pencil approach, 0.90-0.97 reliability Norming group: a large random, nationally representative collection of scores on a norm referenced test; the norming group is the benchmark that student scores are compared to on the test Test takers rights: ethically prepare students to take the assessments, admin the tests in an appropriate manner and correctly interpret the rest results High stakes assessment: a standardized test with important consequences attached to the results of the assessment, can have unintended effects on children Raw score: number of items answered correctly on a test Items: questions on standardized test Criterion-referenced: interpreting test scores in terms of what proportion of the pre- established criteria or content have been correctly answered by the test taker Percent-correct score: the percent of questions the student got correct on the assessment, must know the maximum possible score on the test Cut score: the sore a student needs to achieve in order to pass a standardized criterion- reference test Norm-referencing: interpreting test scores by comparing the text takers result to the result of another group of text takers scores Norms: the set of scores to which any single score is compared Descriptive statistics: an area of statistics interested in providing ways of helping you to describe information or data Measures of central tendency: measures of the middle of a data set the three measures of central tendency are mean median and mode Mean: the average score of a group of scores Median: the middle occurring scores in a group of scores Mode: score that occurs most often in a group of numbers Range: the difference between the highest and lowest score-plus one-in a set of student data Standard deviation: a measure of variability of a data set Symmetry: both halves of the normal curve appear identical t-score: a standard score used in norm-referenced tests with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10 stanine scores: standard score used in norm referenced tests with a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 2 NCE scores: normal curve equivalent score is a standard score that has a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 21 Scholastic-assessment test (SAT): college entrance exam that is administer by the educational testing service Percentile: percentage of persons
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