Psychology 2070A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sigmund Freud, Social Exclusion

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Chapter 11 aggression why we hurt other people. The effects of violence in the media. Intentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain. When defining aggression the important part is that it is intentional. An act of aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain or injury. Aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain (i. e. a professional football player tackling his opponent to get to the ball). Thomas hobbes in his work leviathan (1651) took the stance that humans are inborn aggressive and only the law can help. Jea(cid:374) ja(cid:272)(cid:395)ues rousseau a(cid:396)gued the opposite, hu(cid:373)a(cid:374)s a(cid:396)e (cid:862)(cid:374)o(cid:271)le sa(cid:448)ages(cid:863) a(cid:374)d that (cid:271)ei(cid:374)g brought up in a hostile world is what forces them to be fucked. Sigmund freud ela(cid:271)o(cid:396)ated o(cid:374) ho(cid:271)(cid:271)e"s (cid:448)ie(cid:449), he theo(cid:396)ized that hu(cid:373)a(cid:374) (cid:271)ei(cid:374)gs a(cid:396)e (cid:271)o(cid:396)(cid:374) with an instinct toward life (eros) and an equally powerful instinct towards death (thanatos tends to lead to aggressive actions).

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