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Chapter 9

Lecture and Textbook Notes for Chapter 9

12 Pages

Course Code
Psychology 2070A/B

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Social PsychologyLecture Chapter 9Stereotypes PrejudiceDiscrimination Interest in social psychology stimulated by prejudice Stalin Hitler Mussolini FScale Fascist Scale measured authoritarian attitudesStereotypeA set of characteristics that a perceiver associates with members of a group o Cognitive beliefs informational o Can be positive or negative o Form of schemaPrejudiceA negative attitude toward members of a group o Attitude evaluation often very strongly held eg hatred o Always negative o Prejudging in a negative wayDiscriminationNegative harmful behavior toward people based on their group membership o Behavioural observable o Always negative o External behaviorMost hate crimes are against institutions not individuals ie places of worship Prejudice PerspectivesCognitive PerspectivePrejudice results from normal thinking processes In order to perceive objects as meaningful we must categorize themcategorization of objects is inevitable o Informationprocessing view o Things we all do to some extent that may expose us to prejudice o Everyday pressuresCategorizations made instantly gender ethnicity age relatively automatically Going beyond the information givenDrawing inferences about the individual from the stereotypeMeta StereotypeThe stereotype that a perceiver believes members of an outgroup have concerning his or her own group Motivational Perspective1 Development of fear and hatred a SocializationSometimes children are raised to fearTaught about longstanding conflict with an enemy who is portrayed as evilOccurs with a longstanding conflict with group ie Middle East b Anxiety about interactionsInstinctive mistrust of strangersWe are uncertain how to behaveInteractions with outgroup members are anxietyprovoking causes avoidance of groupso we never test the accuracy of our negative stereotype2 Derogating or harming members of an outgroup can make people feel good a Prejudice relieves frustration scapegoatingb Prejudice produces feelings of superiority which are pleasurableBrown vs Blue eyes experimentsuperior group became discriminated and prejudiced to other groupMinimal group paradigmParticipants are assigned to arbitrary meaningless groups o Give majority of resources to own group ingroup over dividing resources equallyIntegrated Threat TheoryA theory proposing that prejudice results from four types of threats realistic symbolic intergroup anxiety and negative stereotypes Realistic ThreatsThreats resulting from competition for scarce resources jobs food etc
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