Psychology 2075 Chapter 5: Ch 5 human sexuality

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Published on 9 Mar 2017
Department
Professor
Human Sexuality
WEEK 17/18 READINGS
PREVALENCE OF SEXUAL PROBLEMS AND DYSFUNCTIONS
- A persistent or recurring lack of sexual desire or difficulty becoming sexually aroused or reaching orgasm
- Temporary or occasional problems with sexual response do not qualify as sexual dysfunction
- Lewis (2010): about 2 in 5 women and about 1 in 4 men report experiencing at least one sexual dysfunction
- Canadian Contraception Study: more married women reported sexual difficulties than single women did
43% diminished sexual desire
24% reported difficulties having an orgasm
- Brock, Glasser, and Gingell (2016): in a survey of 40-80 year old Canadian men, found that 23% of the men
experienced rapid ejaculation and 16% had problems with erection
- 75% of those with sexual-futio proles had’t sought help fro health professioals
TYPES OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) made several important changes in the way
sexual dysfunctions are classified
- Preiousl alled feale hpoatie desire disorder ad feale arousal disorder ere erged ito a sigle
disorder alled feale seual iterest/arousal disorder
- Put into four basic categories
1. Sexual desire
2. Sexual arousal
3. Orgasm
4. Sexual pain
- Must have occurred for a period of about six months or more, happen 75-100% of the time, and cause the
person significant distress
- Sexual dysfunctions are classified as lifelong or acquired, and as generalized or situational
Sexual desire-related disorders
- Report an absence of sexual thoughts or fantasies
- West et al (2008): found that the incidence of low sexual desire was 26& for premenopausal women and 52%
postmenopausal women
- Some people with low sexual desire can become sexually aroused and reach orgasm when adequately
stimulated
- Men are generally more interested in sex than women
- Its been speculated that gay and lesbian couples may have fewer discrepancy troubles than heterosexual
couples
- Not repelling of genital contact
Sexual arousal-related disorders
- Vasocongestion: engorgement of blood vessels with blood, which swells the genitals and breasts during sexual
arousal
- People with sexual arousal related disorders, however, fail to achieve or sustain the erections or lubrications
necessary to facilitate sexual activity
MALE ERECTILE DISORDER
- Persistent difficulty getting or maintaining an erection sufficient to allow the man to engage in or complete
sexual activity
- Can be classified as situational
- Fatigue, too much alcohol, anxiety over impressing a new partner can be factors
- Performance anxiety
FEMALE SEXUAL INTEREST/AROUSAL DISORDER
- Problems in the desire and arousal phases of female sexual response often overlap
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