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Chapter 10&11

Psychology 2075 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10&11: Casual Sex, Prostate, Sexting


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2075
Professor
Prof
Chapter
10&11

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Sexuality and the Life Cycle: 4/9/2013 12:07:00 PM
Childhood and Adolescence
Data Sources
To alternative would be to interview children about their sexual behaviour or perhaps even
to observe their sexual behaviour.
Such a study would arouse tremendous opposition from parents, religious leaders, and
politicians, who might argue that it is unnecessary, or that it would harm the children who
were studied.
More children reported sexual experience to the computer than in face-to-face interviews.
Infancy (0-2 Years)
The capacity of the human body to show a sexual response is present from birth.
Self Stimulation
The rhythmic manipulation of the genitals associated with adult masturbation does not
occur until age two-and-a-half to three years
Orgasms from self-stimulation are possible even at this early age, although before puberty
boys are not capable of ejaculation.
In one study comparing infants who had optimal relationships with their mothers and
infants who had problematic relationships with their mothers, it was the infants with the
optimal maternal relationships who were more likely to stimulate their genitals
Infant- infant sexual encounters
Children may kiss, hug, pat, stroke, and gaze at each other, behaviours that are part of
erotic intimacy later in life.
Non-Genital sensual experience
Being cuddled or rocked can also be a warm, sensuous experience
Attachment
An attachment (or bond) forms between the infant and the mother, father, or other
caregiver.
The quality of these attachmentswhether they are stable, secure, and satisfying or
unstable, insecure, and frustrating effects the person‘s capacity for emotional attachment
in adulthood

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Knowing about boy-girl differences
By age three there may be some awareness of differences in the genital region and
increasing interest in the genitals of other children
Early Childhood (3-7 Years)
Masturbation
In a study of 1,114 children ages two to five, the mothers of 60 percent of the boys and of
44 percent of the girls reported that the child touched his or her genitals
Children also learn during this period that masturbation is something that one does in
private.
Mixed- Sex Behaviour
Boys and girls may hug each other or hold hands in imitation of adults.
Playing doctor can be a popular game at this age
It generally involves no more than exhibiting one‘s own genitals, looking at those of
others, and perhaps engaging in a little fondling or touching.
They know that a member of the othergender is the socially appropriate marriage
partner, and they are committed to marrying when they get older
Same-Sex Behaviour
Sexual play with members of one‘s own gender may be more common than sexual play
with members of the other gender
Sex Knowledge and Interests
Age seven, 30 percent of North American children understand what the differences are
At age three, children are very interested in different postures for urinating. Some girls
attempt to urinate while standing.
Children turn to sex play and their peers for information about sex
In the rare society that puts no restrictions on childhood sex play, intercourse may occur
as young as age six or seven.
Preadolescence (8-12 years)
In three recent studies, one of adolescents and two of adults, the average age at which
participants reported first experiencing sexual attraction to another person was at age ten
This research suggests that ―adult‖ sexual development starts as early as age nine or ten,
not at puberty as previously thought.

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Masturbation
In a sample of university women, 40 percent recalled masturbating before puberty
The comparable figure for men was 38 percent
Boys generally start masturbating earlier than girls do
Typically boys are told about it by their male peers, they see their peers doing it, or they
read about it;
Girls most frequently learn about masturbation through accidental self-discovery
Mixed-Sex Behaviour
In the study of Swedish high-school students, more than 80 percent reported having
consensual sexual experiences with another child when they were 6 to 12 years old
Most common activities were talking about sex, kissing and hugging, looking at
pornographic videos, and teasing other children sexually.
The majority of Canadians first engage in intercourse between the ages of 16 and 19
Canadian youth who engage in intercourse during preadolescence are more likely to report
a poor relationship with their parents, having experienced pressure to engage in unwanted
sex, having used drugs other than marijuana, and believing that they must break the rules
to be popular
Same-Sex Behaviour
To preadolescence, most children have a social organization that is gender segregated.
At ages J2 f» 13 children are simultaneously the most segregated by gender and the most
interested in members of the other gender
Given that children are socializing with other members of their own gender, sexual
exploring at this age is likely to be with partners of the same gender
These activities generally involve masturbation, exhibitionism, and the fondling of other‘s
genitals. Boys, for example, may engage in a ―circle jerk,‖
Girls do not seem so likely to engage in such group activities
Dating and Romantic Relationships
According to the study, dating, defined as spending time or going out with a boy or girl
whom the youth liked, loved, or had a crush on, emerged in Grade 7.
Generally short-lived
Many gays and lesbians date people of the opposite gender to conform to social norms
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