Psychology 2075 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Sexual Script Theory, Casual Sex, Premarital Sex

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
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Human Sexuality chapter 13
Gender and Sexuality
Gender is usually figured out early in life, people usually can identify there
own gender by the time they are 2 and a half
People can get flustered when they can not determine the persons gender,
and are often very curios
In Canada there are two genders: male and female but in some places there
are many and they can get up to 4
There are clear stereotypes when it comes to gender, but are they true?
Gender roles and stereotypes
Gender role: a set of norms or culturally defined expectations, that define hoe
people of one gender ought to behave
Stereotype: a rigid set of beliefs about a group of people that distinguishes
them from others and is applied to all members of that group
By the age of 6 people can identify stereotypes (place females in the weak
roles, men playing sports, etc.)
Gender schema theory
Is a set of ideas that we associate with males and females
It leads people to distort information that goes against gender schemas
(remember a boxer as a boy even though shown was a girl)
Our gender schemas and the situation we are in both influence how we
process information
The traditional gender script
Are cognitive frameworks for how people are expected to behave in social
situations
The sexual script that is most pervasive in north America is termed the
traditional sexual script (how men and women are supposed to behave in a
sexual situation)
Aspects are listed on page 369
How much evidence is there that heterosexuals follow the TSS
o Men more often than not initiate sex more
o Women on average instigate about once a week
o Men and women use the same strategies to change there partners
mind
o And in this study 74-83 percent of the time people were willing ot
engage in sexual activity
There for this meant hat some of the TSS do not follow what it is believed to
be (like women initiating sex)
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Socialization
Socialization: refers to the ways in which society conveys to the individual
its norms or expectations fro his or her behaviour
This occurs especially in children: the can be rewarded (what a brave little
man he is, or punished that’s not what young ladies do) – these are
‘appropriate to there gender’
Children also engage in elf socialization- the more that they identify with one
gender, the more they are motivated to incorporate attributes associated
with that gender into their self concept
This continues into adulthood where men and women do certain things that
fit there social norms
Parent usually treat boys and girls that same for the most part, except they
highly influence gender roles, like buying there daughters dolls and there
sons baseball bats and footballs
Peer groups can also have a big role in influencing gender roles
o A study done in Ontario with grade 3-6 students showed that girl
preferred to play with the girls that did exclusively feminine things,
while the boys preferred to play with the boys that did exclusively
masculine things
Media also has a big influence- this is shown in children’s books as most of
the adults are in stereotypical gender occupations
Gender stereotyping is also shown in video games along with books and
television
Gender roles and ethnicity
Ethnicity refers to a sizable group of people who share a common and
distinct racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or heritage
1/5 Canadians was not born in Canada- and about 36-46% of people living in
major Canadian cities was not born in Canada
Acculturation: the process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new
culture
There are many double standards when it comes to gender roles- people that
immigrated from other places sometime make women go out and get
professional degrees because back home they could not, BUT there are also
cases where the women can not engage in unsupervised dating (boys are
allowed to do this, often it is encouraged)
The south Asian communities
o Is the second largest minority group in Canada
o Religion, and education are important, they closely follow there values
from back home (sometimes arranged marriages)
o Boys are encouraged to date and have sexual experiences, girls may
not be able to date because female virginity is highly valued before
marriage
o Women are not suppose to complain if the man has extramarital sex,
most men visit sex workers before and during marriage
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Document Summary

Gender is usually figured out early in life, people usually can identify there own gender by the time they are 2 and a half. People can get flustered when they can not determine the persons gender, and are often very curios. In canada there are two genders: male and female but in some places there are many and they can get up to 4. Gender role: a set of norms or culturally defined expectations, that define hoe people of one gender ought to behave. Stereotype: a rigid set of beliefs about a group of people that distinguishes them from others and is applied to all members of that group. By the age of 6 people can identify stereotypes (place females in the weak roles, men playing sports, etc. ) Is a set of ideas that we associate with males and females.

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