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Chapter 14

Psychology 2075 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Kinsey Scale, Homophobia, Sexual Identity


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2075
Professor
William Fisher
Chapter
14

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Chapter 14: sexual orientation and identity
Saturday, December 8, 2018
5:17 PM
Sexual identity: one's self identity as gay, heterosexual, bisexual, or asexual
Sexual orientation: a person's erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own
gender or members of the other gender
Homosexual a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender
Heterosexual: a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the other gender
Bisexual: a person whose sexual orientation is toward both men and women
Asexual: a person who is not attracted to men or women
Use of the term homosexual to refer to lesbians and gays are problematic for 3 reasons
o In the past, it was associated with negative stereotypes, such as deviance, mental illness,
and criminal behaviour
o Emphasizes sexual behaviour, rather than sexual identity
o Ambiguous
Pansexual: open to relationships with people of any sex, gender, or gender identity
How many people are gay, lesbian, bi, straight, or asexual
Men surveyed reported
o 1.4% considered themselves homosexual
o 0.7% bisexual
Women surveyed reported
o 0.8% homosexual
o 0.9% bisexual
In a british study, 1% of people reported that they have no sexual attraction to men or women, in
an online study 3.5% reported they were asexual
Kinsey scale (based on behaviour, not attraction)
Attitudes
Attitudes toward gay men and lesbians
o Vast majority of canadians, 80%, say that society should accepts gays and lesbians
Only 60% of americans agree with this
o Homophobia =strong, irrational fear of gay individuals, and fixed negative attitudes and
reactions to gay men and lesbians
o Heterosexism =the belief that being heterosexual is 'normal' and that heterosexuality is the
only legitimate, acceptable, and healthy way for people to be
o Media and LGB attitudes
Content associated with sexual minorities occurred in 15% of programs overall
Portrayed in stereotypic ways: lacking a stable relationship, being preoccupied with
their sexuality, and being laughable
o Consequences of homonegativity and heterosexism
Serious emotional and mental health consequence for LGB individuals
Particularly for adolescents establishing their sexual identity
The most extreme expression of antigay prejudice occur in hate crimes
Survey of Canadian LGB found high rates of violence
78% experienced verbal assaults
21% physical assaults
21% harassment by the police
7% assaulted with a weapon
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