Psychology 2134A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Sentence Clause Structure, Active Voice, Psych
Agent the entity that causes the event portrayed in a sentence to occur. Patient the entity that is acted upon in the event that is portrayed in a sentence. Thematic roles the various types of participants involved in an event portrayed in a sentence. Canonical word order the typical sequence of sentence elements: english = svo. Thematic role assignment the mapping of thematic roles onto syntactic positions such as subject and object. Multiple approaches to analyzing a sentence: the first approach considers the way that thematic roles at the conceptual level are mapped onto syntactic categories at the syntactic level, the second approach considers canonical word order. We can analyze a sentence as consisting of two main components a subject and. Active voice a sentence structure in which the agent is mapped onto the subject position. Passive voice a sentence structure in which the patient is mapped onto the subject position.