Attention the ability to focus on specific stimuli or locations. Selective attention attending to one thing while ignoring others: demonstrated using the dichotic listening procedure. Distraction one stimulus interfering w/the processing of another stimulus. Divided attention paying attention to more than 1 thing at a time. Attentional capture a rapid shifting of attention usually caused by a stimulus such as a loud noise, bright light, or sudden movement. Visual scanning movements of the eyes from one location or object to another. Filter model of attention model of attention that proposes a filter that lets attended stimuli through &blocks some or all of the unattended stimuli. Dichotic listening when you are receiving messages in each ear. Cocktail party effect the ability to focus on one stimulus while filtering out other stimuli. Filters out all other messages: detector processes the info from the attended message to determine higher-level characteristics of the message.