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Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Psych.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2320A/B
Professor
Alvin Segal
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 8 Psychexternalizing problemso problems that place young people in conflict with othersconduct problemsgeneral group of disruptiveantisocial behaviourconduct disorderdisruptive behaviour disorderdiagnostic grouping that addresses these kinds of difficultiesdelinquency legal term used in criminal justice system to describe youth who exhibit conduct problemantisocial behaviour o juvenile under 19 committed an index crime or status offense o index crimeact that would be illegal for adults and juvenile theft assault rape murder o status offenceact that is illegal only for juveniles truancy association with immoral persons violation of curfews or incorrigibilityEarly ChildhoodNoncompliance oppositional temper tantrumsoppositional defiant disorder Middle Childhoodovertcovert antisocial behaviour relational aggression oppositional defiant disorder conduct disorder Adolescencedelinquency substance use highrisk sexual behaviourconduct disorder Classification and Description DSM approachAntisocial Personality Disorderdisplay pattern of aggressive and antisocial behaviour after age 18 o Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of rights of others and by multiple illegal and aggressive behaviours o Diagnosis requires pattern present since age 15 with evidence that person would meet or did met criteria for conduct disorder with onset before 15 DSM approach Oppositional Defiant DisorderHenry illustrates that not all behaviourclinical problems ODDpattern of negativistic hostile and defiant behaviour that is developmentally extreme4 symptoms must be present for 6 months criteria contains both emotional angry and behavioural argues o often loses temper o often argues with adults o often actively defies or refuses to comply with requestsrules o often deliberately annoys people o often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehavior o is often touchy or easily annoyed by others o is often angry and resentful o is often spiteful or vindictivedisturbance causes significant impairment in social academic occupationalbehaviours do not occur exclusively during the course of a psychotic or mood disordercriteria are not met for conduct disorder and if individual is 18 criteria are not met for antisocial personality disorderemotionalbehavioural symptoms contribute to prediction of later disruptiveexternalizing disordersemotional symptoms of ODD may also contribute to prediction of internalizing disorders balance between overdiagnosing common problems as disorders versus ignoring potential serious problems DSM approach Conduct DisorderConduct Disordermore seriously aggressive and antisocial behavioursNonaggressive conductdisordered behaviours truancy theftharmRepetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour that violates basic rights of others and ageappropriate societal normsThree or more behaviours present for past 12 monthsat least 1 present in past 6 months o Aggression to people and animals Often bullies threatens or intimidates othersOften initiates physical fightsHas used a weapon that can cause serious harmPhysically cruel to peopleanimalsStolen while confronting a victimForced someone into sexual activity o Destruction of propertyDeliberately engaged in fire setting with intention of harmDestroyed others property other than fire o Deceitfulness or theftBroken into someone elses house building or carOften lies to obtain goods or favours or to avoid obligations consStolen items of nontrivial value without confronting victim shoplifting but without breakingentering forgery o Serious violations of rulesOften stays out at night beginning before age 13Run away from home overnight at least twice or once for long timeTruant from schoolbeginning before age 13Disturbances cause impairment in social academic or occupationalIndividual is 18 does not meet criteria for antisocial personality disorderChild onset1 criteria for conduct disorder prior to age 10Adolescent onsetabsence of criteria prior to age 10Unspecified onsetage at onset is not knownMild severityfew if any conduct problems and cause only minor harm to othersModerate severitymoderate number of problems effect on othersbetween mild and severeSeveremany conduct problems in excess of those required to make diagnosis or conduct problems cause considerable harm to othersMust impact socialacademic functioning
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