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Chapter 16

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Western University
Psychology 2550A/B
James M Olson

CHAPTER 16 WHAT HAS TO BE INTEGRATED CONTRIBUTIONS FROM EACH LEVEL Level of analysis Key contributions Rolefunction in system Psychodynamicmotivational Unconscious processing Processing is often without awareness Defensive processing System is selfdefensive selective biased TraitdispositionalBroad traitsbehavioural tendencies ifthenbehavioural signatures System generates individual differences in broad stable Type III consistencies Ipeople different from each other IIbehaviour and ifthen Behaviouralindividuals have stable ifthen PatternsBiological Role o brain processes and genetics in personality temperament role of Interactions with all personality processes evolutions Neural network models of brain organization Metaphors and models for personality organization Behaviouralconditioning Behaviour connected to situations System produces behaviour linked closely to situations Emotional conditioning Influences systems emotional reactions Response consequences Influence expectations and behaviour scripts PhenomenologicalSubjective perception cognitive appraisalBasic is system organization and function humanistic Selfactualization selfconstructionSystem is selforganizing proactive Social cognitive Social learning social cognitive person variables Basic in system organization and function cognitiveaffective units social cognitive person variables TOWARD INTEGRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PERSONALITY SYSTEM Application of neural network info processing models to personalityCurrent models of personality as an info processing system draw heavily on neural network models in contemporary cognitive neuroscience The ability of the human brain to perform complex information processing does not come from the reasoning that characterizes the digital computers CPU itcomes from the pattern of interconnections among a number of simple units neurons in the brain and the immense numbers of interconnections among themNetwork information processing model emphasizes the way the persons internal mental representations of schemas are related to each other and interconnected Connectionist theoristthe nodes in the network are constructs and their relationships or connections are represented by links Excitatory activating linksthe more often concepts are activated in your mind the stronger the excitatory linkEx Swimsuits and beachesInhibitory deactivating linksthe less frequently two concepts are activated together the stronger the inhibitory linkEx Swim suits and skiing An application the cognitive affective personality system CAPS CAPS was developed with the goal of integrating many of the ideas from research on social cognitions and cognitive neural network models of the mind into aframework for a comprehensive personality systemDesigned to take account of the contributions from all levelsThus it is not a model that belongs to any particular theoristA metatheory that is kept open to change as new findings become available and the science continues to developDeals with knowledge representation and emotions
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