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Psychology 2990A/B
Doug Hazlewood

Chapter 2 NotesThe goals of police interrogations are to gain info that would further the investigation but also to obtain a confession from the suspectOfficers in England use far less coercive techniques than officers in North AmericaReid Model of InterrogationConsists of a threepart processGather evidence and interview witnesses and victimsConduct a nonaccusatorialinterview of the suspectConduct an accusatorial interrogation of the suspect 9 steps are used1Suspect is confronted with guilt and evidence shown or made up2Psychological themes developed to rationalize the crime He deserved it3Statements of denial are interrupted4Interrogator overcomes suspects objections until suspect becomes withdrawn and quiet5Interrogator ensures suspect doesnt tune out moving closer6Sympathy and understand exhibited and suspect urged to come clean7Suspect offered facesaving explanations8Officer develops this facesaving admission into a full confession9Get the suspect to write and sign a full confessionGoal to make the perceived consequences of a confession more desirable than the anxiety made by deceptionAgencies in England use the PEACE modelPlanning preparation engage and explain account closure evaluationMaximization techniques are scare tactics used to intimidate a suspect exaggerating seriousness of crimeMinimization is used to lead suspects into a false sense of security feigning sympathyCourts regularly disregard confessions based on maximizationPotential Problems with the Reid ModelDetecting DeceptionDecision on whether to commence a fullblown interrogation relies on an accurate assessment of whether the suspect is being deceptiveLittle research that proves POs can detect deception wellInvestigator BiasPolice begin the interrogation believing the suspect is guiltyInvestigative biases lead to coercive and pressurefilled interrogations False ConfessionsBiggest problem with the use of coercive tacticsRetracted confession is the suspect declaring the confession he made was false regardless of the truthDisputed confessions are disputed in trials legal technicalities or because the suspect denies it was ever madeVoluntary false confessions are when someone voluntarily admits to a crime they didnt commit without any elicitationdesire for notoriety ex Lindbergh baby deathunable to distinguish fact from fantasy
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