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Textbook summary of 2990. Perfect complementary to your readings!

4 Pages

Course Code
Psychology 2990A/B
Doug Hazlewood

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Chapter 4 NotesAthletes go to sport psychologists for two reasonsTo seek help with specific problems performance anxietyTo improve the mental side of the sport imageryMyths about Sport PsychologyPsychological skills training PST is a bandaid solutionOnly elite athletes can benefit from PSTAthletes only need a sport psychologist when they are performing poorlyIntroductionPsychological skills training Structured and consistent practice of psychological skills and has three distinct phasesEducation Athletes recognize the importance of mental skills in sport and how they affect performanceAcquisition Helping athletes acquire the various psychological skills and learn how to employ themPractice Have the athletes automate the skills and implement themThe most commonly incorporated skills in these programs areGoal settingImagerySelftalkArousal regulationAttention control Goal SettingMost commonly used strategy but rated only moderately effective by athletesGoal A target or objective that people try to attain There are three typesPerformance Goal focus on improving and attaining personal performance standards give 100Process Goal focus on specific behaviours that an athlete must engage in make an accurate pass to the wingerOutcome Goal focus on social comparison and competitive results to score a goalGoal Setting Practice of establishing desirable objectives for ones actionsGoals direct attention mobilize effort promote persistence and new learning strategiesAlso improves selfconfidence and selfsatisfactionHindrances lack of time everyday distractionsPerformance profiling assessment tool that identifies an athletes strengths and weaknessesIdentify key performance characteristicsIdentify the ideal rating for each of the athletes characteristicsRate your current ability in these characteristicsFind discrepancy scorePrioritize your targetsSMART acronym for guidelines to effective goal settingSpecificMeasurableAdjustableRealisticTimelyAthletes should set goals for practice too not just compWrite down goals and make them publicGoals should be positive not negative I want to run in my best time vs I dont want to be lastConsider four types of goalsIndividual goals for selfIndividual goal for teamTeams overall goalTeams goal for players
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