Is(cid:374)"t tied to thi(cid:374)ki(cid:374)g i(cid:374) the (cid:449)a(cid:455) that hu(cid:373)a(cid:374) la(cid:374)guage is. The influential, dual-system approach (also known as the default0interventionist approach) is built on the idea that non-conscious or intuitive processes drive many thinking behaviours, and these often need to be overridden by conscious, linguistically influenced thought. What is language: charles hockett described 13 characteristics of human languages, all features of human language that suggest a unique and highly evolved system designed for communication with others and also with self (e. g. thinking) Language is a behaviour that has total feedback: whatever you say you can also hear, receive feedback directly related to what you say, according to hockett, this is necessary for human thinking. Language is also productive: can express an infinite number of things and ideas; can be achieved in finite system. Memory: elizabeth loftus eyewitness testimony research, shows that language use can affect the content of episodic memory.