Psychology 3721F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Gender Role, Androcentrism, Role Theory

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Evolutionary explanation: adaptive, result from natural selection; women are restricted in how many children they can bear, thus greater investment in each childs success. Social role theory: gender roles; diff socialization of boys and girls they are prepared to live life in roles; gender roles became normative patterns which emerged through historical influences. Female role: dispense with any air of strength and ability, submissive, don"t excel, need his care and protection. Male role: strong, silent, tough, violent, self sufficient, stud (nonrelational sex), not sitty, powerful, successful. Influences on gender stereotypes on behaviour: self fulfilling prophecy: ppl behave in ways that confirm others expectations of them, however in some cases, info about gender may be outweighed by other info more related to decision. Parents, teachers, peers: boys get more physical contact, girls more nonphysical contact; parents make more demands on boys and reprimand them more; children as young as 2 years show a preference for gender oriented toys.

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