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Chapter 1

Chapter One

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Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

Psychology: The Science of Behaviour Chapter One The Nature of Psychology:  Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind  Behaviour refers to the actions and responses we can directly observe  The mind refers to internal states and process, such as thoughts and feelings that cannot be seen directly and mist be inferred from observable, measurable responses Psychology’s Scientific Approach:  The scientific approach uses empirical evidence which is gained through experience and observation, and includes tinkering around with things and observing what happens  Scientific Observations must be systematic meaning that they are performed according to a system of rules/conditions to ensure consistency/accuracy  Pseudoscience (astrology, graphology etc.) is an inaccurate field that goes against the scientific method Psychology’s Goals: 1. To describe how people and other animals behave 2. To explain and understand the causes of these behaviours 3. To predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions 4. To influence or control behavior through knowledge and control of its causes to enhance human welfare  All of the goals are linked to one another  Successful prediction and control are the best ways to truly understand the causes of behavior Psychology as a Basic and Applied Science:  Basic research is the quest of knowledge while applied research tries to solve a specific problem  Basic research tries to describe how people behave and why they behave that way. It is conducted in laboratories and real world settings.  Applied
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