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Chapter 15

Psych 1000 Chapter 15 Summary

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Chapter 15: Health Psychology – the study of the psychological and social factors that influence the prevention and treatment of illness – mind influences health • our mind has a direct influence on our health • attitudes and beliefs influence behaviour (drugs/smoking, checkups, exercise) • leading cause of death influenced by behaviour (50-70% all illness stress plays a role) - Health Related Behaviours Health-Enhancing Behaviours- weight control, exercise, eat healthy foods, regular checkups Health-Comprising Behaviours- smoking, unhealthy diets, sedentary lifestyle, unprotected sex, substance abuse Stress - occurs in response to events that disrupt (or threaten to disrupt) our physical or psychological functioning Stressors: lead to the body's responses, fight or flight arent effective with stressors*google for more info Stress and Life Events Catastrophic events- plane crashes, rape/mugged, wars, natural distastes etc (unexpected, -) Stressful life events- school, job, death, marriage, vacation, violations with the law (+/-) Microstressors- daily hassles (bad hair day, parking, class late, roommate conflicts, sleep) Typical Stressors- frustration (didnt get into grad school, traffic) – conflict (which restaurant, get into 2 schools, decisions) Approach-Approach (best): two guys ask you out for firdya night, you like them both but yous till have to pick Avoid-Avoid: choice between two negative outcomes, least postiive. Back ache- surgery that may not cure it or just live with pain Approach-Avoid: like someone, think they might be interested too, want to ask them out (approach) but scared of rejection (avoid), tryout for basketball – change- – pressure- typical time, deadlines Selye's GeneralAdaptation Syndrome - what stress does to the body, done primarily with animals, put them in stressful situations and see what happened physiologically – 3-phase model of how organisms respond to stress 1. Alarm or Mobilization- nervous system is aroused, fight or flight ready, 2. Resistance- stressor continues, not as much as adrenaline, high arousal, tiring, stress hormones high, cortisol high, headache, stomach problems, irritability 3. Exhaustion- could kill you, resistance is depleted, get sick- cortisol is lowering immune response Model refers to physical side of stress CognitiveAppraisals- different reactions for certain people doing the same task – Seyle's model failed to recognize importance of cognitive appraisals: 1. Perceive a situation as threatening (primary appraisal) “is this threatening? 2. Believe that you will be unable to cope (secondary appraisal) “can I deal with this?” 3. Consequences of failing to cope “how much is riding on this, does it threaten us?” 4. Appraisals of the personal meaning “what does failure/ this mean to me?” Stress and Illness – stress plays a role in 50-70% of all physical illness (heart disease, ulcers, diabetes, cancers) – stress interferes with immune system functioning (ages the hippocampus, memory damage,
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