Textbook Notes (September 11 )
*Psychology: The scientific study of behaviour and the mind.
*Clinical Psychology: The study and treatment of mental disorders. Clinical psychologists
diagnose and treat people with mental disorders. However some are scientists who conduct
research on the causes of mental disorders.
*Cognitive Psychology: The study of mental processes, especially from a model that views the
mind as an information processor. Cognitive psychologists examine topics such as:
consciousness, attention, memory, decision making, and problem solving.
Subfields of psychology:
*Biopsychology: Biopsychologists examine how brain processes, genes, and hormones influence
our actions, thoughts, and feelings.
*Developmental Psychology: Examines human physical, psychological, and social development
across the lifespan (infant to adulthood).
*Experimental Psychology: focuses on such basic processes as learning, sensory systems (eg
vision, hearing), perception, and motivational states (eg sexual motivation, hunger, thirst).
*Industrial-organizational (I/O) Psychology: Examines people’s behaviour in the workplace. I/O
psychologists study leadership, teamwork, and factors that influence employees job
satisfaction, work motivation, and performance.
*Personality Psychology: the study of human personality. Personality psychologists seek to
identify core personality traits and how different traits relate to one another and influence
*Social Psychology: Examines people thoughts, feelings, and behaviour pertaining to the social
world. Social psychologists study how people influence one another, behave in groups, and
form impressions and attitudes.
Empirical evidence: evidence gained through experience
As a science, psychology has four central goals:
1. *To describe how people