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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 The dates are clearly wrong. I cant remember what date I took the note on. Its inclusive of the book and lecture.

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Western University
Psychology 1000
Derek Quinlan

CHAPTER ONEPsychology scientific study of the human behavior and the factors that influence it o What kinds of behaviors does psychology studyTo actions that we can observe directly and to inner processes mental events such as thought s feelings images and physiological reactions While studying these behaviors they take into account biological individual and environmental factorsBasic Research the quest for knowledge purely for its own sake o Goals are to describe how people behave and to identify the factors that influence or cause a particular type of behaviorApplied Research designed to solve specific practical problems o Often uses principles discovered in basic research to solve practical problemsJigsaw Program this program requires children to cooperate with each other rather than compete against one another in order for any of them to succeed Illustration for the relation between basic and applied science4 goals of psychologists o To describe how people and other animals behave o To explain and understand the causes of these behaviors o To predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions o To influence or control behavior through knowledge and control of its causes to enhance human welfareRelated in the sense that if we understand the causes of a behavior and know when the causal factors are present or absent then we should be able to successfully predict when the behavior will occur Moreover if we can control the causes then we should be able to control the behaviorPerspectives diverse viewpoints that are vantage points for analyzing behavior and its biological psychological and environmental causesMindbody dualism the belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to the physical laws that govern the body This research implies that no amount of research on the body could ever hope to unravel the mysteries of the mind Monism in the materialist form holds that the mind is not a separate spiritual entity Mind and body are one and mental events are simply a product of physical events Biological Perspective focuses on the physical side of human nature It emphasizes the role of our highly developed brain the biochemical processes that underlie our every thought emotion and action and the manner in which genetic factors influence the development and behavior of human organisms Natural Selection any inheritable characteristic that increases the likelihood of survival will be maintained in the species because individuals having the characteristic will be more likely to survive and reproduce
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