Textbook Notes (369,074)
Canada (162,369)
Psychology (4,929)
Psychology 1000 (1,640)
Dr.Mike (707)
Chapter 10

Psych 1000 - Chapter 10.docx

3 Pages
97 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Psychology 1000: Chapter 10 – Motivation and Emotion Perspectives on Motivation: Motivation: a process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigour of goal-directed behaviour Instinct Theory and Evolutionary Psychology: instincts motivate much of our behaviour Instinct: an inherited predisposition to behave in a specific and predictable way when exposed to a particular stimulus - Do not depend on learning - Have survival value for the organism Homeostasis and Drive Theory: the body’s biological systems are delicately balanced to ensure survival Homeostasis: a state of internal physiological equilibrium that the body strives to maintain - Requires a sensory mechanism for detecting changes in the internal environment - Requires a response system that can restore equilibrium - A control centre that receives information from the sensors and activates the response system o Functions like a thermostat - Can involve learned behaviours Drive Theory: physiological disruptions to homeostasis produce drives - Drives: states of internal tension that motivate an organism to behave in ways that reduce this tension Incentive and Expectancy Theories: pulls an organism toward a goal Incentives: represent environmental stimuli that “pull” an organism toward a goal e.g. a good grade can be an incentive for studying - Theory focuses on external stimuli that motivate behaviour - People value incentives differently and therefore respond differently Expectancy x Value Theory: proposes that goal-directed behaviour is jointly determined by two factors: the strength of the person’s expectation that particular behaviours will lead to a goal, and the value the individual places on that goal— often called incentive value These two factors are multiplied to produce motivation = expectancy x incentive value Extrinsic Motivation: performing an activity to obtain an external reward or to avoid punishment Intrinsic Motivation: performing an activity for its own sake—because you find it enjoyable or stimulating Psychodynamic and Humanistic Theories: view motivation within a broader context of personality development and functioning, but take radically different approaches Psychodynamic Theories: emphasize needs for self-esteem, relatedness to other people, conscious mental processes, unconscious motives and tensions t
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit