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April 8 Becks Cognitive Therapy

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Western University
Psychology 1000
John Campbell

Becks Cognitive Therapy  Point out erroris oif thinking and logic that underlie disturbance  In practice it is to allow client to come to realize that it is their thoughts which create the maladaptive emotional reaction and not the events themselves Tracing the line from event to thought to emotion- similar to Ellis but less confrontational Behavioural Therapies Systematic desensitization (Joeph Wolpe) o Train the client in voluntary muscle relaxation o Client constructs a stimulus hierarchy o Client practices relaxation while moving up the hierarchy Ex. Taking each fear and reducing it to where the phobia of snakes is lowered o Problem: transfer to real life situations from therapy sessions is less successful than Wolpe claimed o Solution: requires some testing in real world situations Aversion Therapy o Attach negative feelings to stimulus situations that are initially attractive to patient o Therapist pairs a stimulus that is attractive to a person with a noxious UCS (eg. Drinker takes a sip of favourite alcohol while being on a nauseas producing drug o Problem: How to create aversion in normal situation o Solution: to have regularly scheduled re-conditioning sessions so that aversion does not extinguish Ex. Electrically shock pedophiles to make them feel nauseas when they see children, in cases where the pedophiles come back to receive this treatment it works successfully. Punishment  In this view of most psychologists, punishment is the least preferred way to control behaviour  To be effective punishment must be immediate and severe (the former is not always possible) o -our legal system is not immediate, it is delayed Eclecticism To an increasing extent, therapists are combining orientations and therapeutic techniques for particular clients Flooding: bombard them with their fear so they not as  Most therapeutic techniques have the goal of eliminating unwanted behaviours  However simple elimination is not always sufficient need to replace the unwanted behaviour with positive healthy behaviour Therapy as Social Education Three techniques commonly employed are: 1. Graded task assignments: progressiv
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