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Chapter 14-16

Psych 1000 Chapter 14-16

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Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

CHAPTER 14PERSONALITYAquarius Jan 20Feb 18strong social conscience want to improve worldPersonalityrelatively enduring ways of thinkingacting that describe responses to life situationsComponents of identity distinguish person from othersPerceived internal cause of behaviorsPerceived organization and structure behaviors fit together meaningfullyPSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVELook for causes of behavior in a dynamic interplay of inner forces that conflict with each otherFreuds Psychoanalytic Theory behavior is psychological genetic and behavioralSt Augustine storage was limitless but dont have entire access to it Adopted Helmholtzs idea of mechanism determinismFrench idea of dissociationDarwins ideasChanges in Freuds life accompanied changes in his viewsBrooke we are dynamic not just passivereceiversreactorsStarted to work in interactive clinicsstudied neurologyspeech pathology coined agnosiaWent to medical school 8 years bc learned a lot but then went to study in Paris with CharcotCharcot was treating patients suffering from conversion hysteria sudden symptomsSymptoms related to repressed memories reexperience traumatic memorysymptoms improve An unconscious part of the mind exerts great influence on behaviorUsed hypnosis free association saying whatever comes to mind and dream analysisConducted extensive selfanalysis based on his own dreamsPublished Interpretation of Dreams poorly received at first then sold wellPsychic Energy and Mental EventsPsychic energypowers the mind and constantly presses for directindirect releaseMental events can beConsciousmental events we are presently aware ofPreconsciousevents were unaware of but can be called into conscious awarenessUnconsciousdynamic realm of wishes impulses that lies beyond our awarenessLargest and most importantOnly revealed when impulses are discharged in some way ex dreamsStructure of PersonalitystIdexists totally within unconscious mind 1 structure to developInner core of personalityonly structure present at birth relationship with egoSource of all psychic energyno direct contact with realityPleasure principleseeks immediate gratification or release want takendEgofunctions primarily at a conscious level 2 structure to developReality principletests reality to decide whenunder what conditions the id can safely discharge its impulses and satisfy its needsTries to delay gratification until conditions are safeappropriateExecutive of the personalityidsuperegorealityPurpose is to prevent anxiety constant repression or flight mechanismReality anxiety reality to hard to deal withMoral anxiety guiltNeurotic anxiety demands of id when ego is facing anxietycant satisfy IDrdSuperegomoral arm of personality 3 structure to develop by age 45Child internalizes societys values through identifying with parentsexplicit trainingSelf control takes over from the external controls of rewardpunishmentLike the ego superego controls instincts of id especially sexualaggressive impulsesTries to delay gratification permanently regardless of cost to personArent aware of superego until in conflict with the egoConflict Anxiety and DefenseStruggle between id discharging instinctive energies vs egosuperegos opposing forcesAnxiety reduced through realistic coping behaviors fix problem through rational discussion orDefense mechanismsdenydistort reality permit release of impulses from idRepressionego prevents anxietyarousing impulses from entering consciousnessSublimationrepressed thoughts channeled into socially desirable behaviorsPsychosexual DevelopmentErogenous zonespleasuresensitive areas of body that ids pleasure seeking tendencies focus onFixationstate of arrested psychosexual development where instincts are focused on a particular psychic theme potential deprivationsoverindulgencesResearch on Psychoanalytic TheoryExperiment think of 2 people suppress one person dreams more of suppressed personConcepts are ambiguous or difficult to definemeasureDevelopment of PsychoanalysisCase of Anna OAssociated with Joseph Breuer
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