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Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - Treatment of Psychological Disorders

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Western University
Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

Chapter 14Treatment of Psychological DisordersThe Helping Relationship basic goal of all treatment approacheshelp people change maladaptive selfdefeating thoughts feelings behaviours majority of people with mental health problems seek help from family members physicians members of clergy acquaintances or selfhelp groups not mental health professionals various groups for mental health professionals counselling and clinical psychologists psychiatrists medical doctors who specialize in psychotherapy and in biomedical treatments exdrug therapy psychiatric social workers often work in community agencies marriage and family counsellors specialize in problems arising from family relations pastoral counsellors tend to focus on spiritual issues abuse counsellors work with substance and sexual abusers and their victimsTherapies for psychological disorders psychodynamic psychoanalysis Freud brief psychodynamic therapieshumanistic clientcentred therapy Rogers Gestalt therapy Peris cognitive rationalemotive therapy Ellis cognitive therapy Beck behavioural classical conditioning exposure systematicdesensitzation aversion therapy operant conditioning positive reinforcement punishment modelling social skills training biological drug therapy electroconvulsive therapy psychosurgeryPsychodynamic Therapies1PSYCHOANALYSIS focuses on internal conflict and unconscious factors that underlie maladaptive behaviour
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