Textbook Notes (368,330)
Canada (161,803)
Sociology (1,770)
Chapter 1

chapter 1.doc

3 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1021E
Professor
Daphne Heywood
Semester
Summer

Description
CHAPTER 1-WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY Introduction: - major concerns of sociology is to explain why members of other groups behave diff - eg. USA and Canada (whole societies) - small groups that share same status(unionists, doctors) - individuals who may not see themselves as forming groups (having children, being 6ft, living in same province) - sociologists adopt a viewpoint developed over a century ago by Emile Durkhiem - suicide investigation - argued that social factors- factors pertaining to either group structure or to relationships among individuals in groups- also effect suicide - socialfacts:point to social sources or group-level explanation of behavior such as ethnicity, gender, place of residence, and marital status - study revealed greater frequency of suicide among men, protestants, the older, and the unmarried (social isolation) - social links acts as a buffer against suicide egotisticsuicide: suicide that occurs because of the lack of social ties altruisticsuicide: suicide that occurs because of strong social ties (suicide bombers) anomicsuicides: are found in societies due to social change fatalistic suicides: occurs in societies having too many rules and too few options. Individuals may feel trapped, with suicide the only way out - Durkhiem demonstrated how social conditions affect human behavior - sociologists are concerned with rates of behavior - for example: suicides among men and not the suicide of any one man- and with group differences, comparing, for example, the suicide rates of married versus single adults Sociology: Its Modern Origins and Varieties - French and Industrial Revolutions kindled its modern development (sociology) - French Revolution expanded the potential for democracy - Industrial Revolution led to a new economy, the further growth of trade and cities, and a radically new organization of work - one result of these two upheavals was that relatively small, simple, rural societies - Religious people saw sociology as both science and religion Functionalism - borrowed three major concepts from biology and medicine: function, equilibrium, and development - function means that social arrangements exist because they somehow benefits society, and its points to the importance to each part of society for the functioning and health of the whole. - functionalists can argue that female prostitution is beneficial and functional for society - general position is that if something persists in society as in the case of prostitution in spite of widespread disapproval then it must serve a function - if it served to function it would disappear equilibrium: stability based on a balance among parts and consensus is seen as the natural state of society - society will return to equilibrium after it adapts to the inevitable occasional temporary and minor problems called dysfunctions - also means that a change in any one part of society will be felt in other parts of society - social change is seen as gradual and usually in the direction of both greater differentiation the development of new
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 1021E

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit