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Chapter 4

Social Psych 2233 - Chapter 4 (1).doc

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Western University
Sociology 2233
Tom Murphy

Social Psychology – Chapter 4 (Part 1) Nonverbal Behaviour - Nonverbal Communication: the way in which people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words o Nonverbal Cues: facial expressions, tone of voice, gestures, eye gaze etc. - Nonverbal cues aren’t limited to our species - We automatically mimic other people’s expressions, feel what others feel o Mirror neurons  respond when we perform an action and someone else performs the same one - Functions: o Help people express their emotions, attitudes and personality o Repeat of complement the spoken message  Sarcasm is the opposite of this o Substitute for a verbal message Facial Expressions of Emotion - Darwin  primary emotions conveyed by the face are universal o We all can encode (express) and decode (interpret) emotions the same way o Species specific, not culture specific - Facial expressions are remnants of once-useful physiological reactions o Required evolutionary significance - 6 emotions are universal: anger, happy, surprise, fear, disgust, sadness o Other social interaction ones added are: contempt, pride, embarrassment, anxiety, shame and guilt Are Facial Expressions of Emotion Uni
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