Social Psych Study Notes:
• Two types of social cognition
o Automatic thinking: (Quick and automatic) when we effortlessly classify
something we see like a chair. It is unintentional, effortless
o Controlled thinking: when we pause, sometimes over long periods of time,
and contemplate decisions.
o Often, these work together
• Schemas: mental structures that organize knowledge about the social world
around themes or subjects and that influence the information people notice, think
about, or remember.
o We have the tendency to ‘fill in the blanks’, relying on stereotypes. This
can have bad consequences.
o Which schemas are applied?
Accessibility: the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the
forefront of people’s minds and are therefore likely to be used
when making judgments about the social world. Accessible to us
for 3 reasons
• Due to Past experiences
• Related to a current goal
• Due to our recent experiences, also known as priming
Priming: the process by which recent experiences increase the
accessibility of a schema, trait or concept
• Thoughts need to be accessible and applicable before they
act as primes
• Self fulfilling prophecy: people have an expectation about what a person is like,
which influences how they act towards that person, which causes that person to
behave consistently with their original expectations.
o Teachers have been found to treat ‘bloomers’ differently:
They create a warmer emotional climate, giving more personal
Give more material to learn, and more difficult material
More and better feedback on their work
More opportunity to respond in class and longer to respond.