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Chapter 3

Social Psych Study Notes - Chap 3.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2233
Professor
Suzanne Ricard
Semester
Fall

Description
Social Psych Study Notes: Chapter 3 • Two types of social cognition o Automatic thinking: (Quick and automatic) when we effortlessly classify  something we see like a chair.  It is unintentional, effortless o Controlled thinking: when we pause, sometimes over long periods of time,  and contemplate decisions. o Often, these work together • Schemas: mental structures that organize knowledge about the social world  around themes or subjects and that influence the information people notice, think  about, or remember.   o We have the tendency to ‘fill in the blanks’, relying on stereotypes.  This  can have bad consequences. o Which schemas are applied?  Accessibility: the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the  forefront of people’s minds and are therefore likely to be used  when making judgments about the social world.  Accessible to us  for 3 reasons • Due to Past experiences • Related to a current goal • Due to our recent experiences, also known as priming  Priming: the process by which recent experiences increase the  accessibility of a schema, trait or concept • Thoughts need to be accessible and applicable before they  act as primes • Self fulfilling prophecy: people have an expectation about what a person is like,  which influences how they act towards that person, which causes that person to  behave consistently with their original expectations.  o Teachers have been found to treat ‘bloomers’ differently:  They create a warmer emotional climate, giving more personal  attention/support  Give more material to learn, and more difficult material  More and better feedback on their work  More opportunity to respond in class and longer to respond.
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