Impacts of Neighbourhoods and Housing Conditions on Family Life
The upper-upper class and lower-upper class families tend to live in affluent
areas in the suburbs.
These areas tend to have a greater distance between homes, which
provides greater privacy, but also greater isolation from neighbours.
The neighbourhood tends to be more secure, with fewer safety issues
The houses also tend to be larger, allowing for more privacy within
the family and greater isolation between members. Statistics Canada
defines low-income neighbourhoods as those where one in every five
households is under the poverty level.
People in low-income neighbourhoods experience deep levels of poverty.
They tend to be located in the inner city.
They tend to be less safe and secure for children with higher rates of
criminal activity and violence.
There are fewer detached houses and more apartment blocks and they
also tend to be more ethnically diverse.
Social disorganization is seen to develop when a community is no longer
able to maintain social control over youth peer groups who have too
much time on their hands and few responsibilities.
The Youth often engage in delinquent acts in the absence of
supervision. This means that these neighbourhoods often experience a
number of disadvantages such as poverty, deteriorated housing,
criminality, and single-parent households.
The risk factors for children in high-poverty areas
Inadequate mainstream socialization whereby children may have
lowers verbal skills and more behavioural problems.
They have less social capital and may not have the skills needed in the
workplace or in their personal lives.
Children may be less well supervised and experience fear and mistrust
of others in their neighbourhoods.
Children may experience detriments to their mental health and have a
greater probability of being delinquent or experiencing bullying,
sexual abuse, substance abuse, and early pregnancy. ‘Critical Mass’ A certain percentage of low-income neighbours increases
the likelihood of behavioural problems and school difficulties.
This ‘critical mass’ decreases the possibility that children will be well
supervised by both their own families and by neighbours.
Neighbourhoods with a critical mass of affluent families tend to
engage in more collect