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Chapter 5

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Sociology 2235

CHAPTER 5 Impacts of Neighbourhoods and Housing Conditions on Family Life The upper-upper class and lower-upper class families tend to live in affluent areas in the suburbs.  These areas tend to have a greater distance between homes, which provides greater privacy, but also greater isolation from neighbours. The neighbourhood tends to be more secure, with fewer safety issues for children.  The houses also tend to be larger, allowing for more privacy within the family and greater isolation between members. Statistics Canada defines low-income neighbourhoods as those where one in every five households is under the poverty level. People in low-income neighbourhoods experience deep levels of poverty. They tend to be located in the inner city.  They tend to be less safe and secure for children with higher rates of criminal activity and violence.  There are fewer detached houses and more apartment blocks and they also tend to be more ethnically diverse. Social disorganization is seen to develop when a community is no longer able to maintain social control over youth peer groups who have too much time on their hands and few responsibilities.  The Youth often engage in delinquent acts in the absence of supervision. This means that these neighbourhoods often experience a number of disadvantages such as poverty, deteriorated housing, criminality, and single-parent households. The risk factors for children in high-poverty areas  Inadequate mainstream socialization whereby children may have lowers verbal skills and more behavioural problems.  They have less social capital and may not have the skills needed in the workplace or in their personal lives.  Children may be less well supervised and experience fear and mistrust of others in their neighbourhoods.  Children may experience detriments to their mental health and have a greater probability of being delinquent or experiencing bullying, sexual abuse, substance abuse, and early pregnancy. ‘Critical Mass’  A certain percentage of low-income neighbours increases the likelihood of behavioural problems and school difficulties.  This ‘critical mass’ decreases the possibility that children will be well supervised by both their own families and by neighbours.  Neighbourhoods with a critical mass of affluent families tend to engage in more collect
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