Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Sociology (1,755)
Prof (2)
Chapter 5

CHAPTER 5.docx

3 Pages
50 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2235
Professor
Prof
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 5 Impacts of Neighbourhoods and Housing Conditions on Family Life The upper-upper class and lower-upper class families tend to live in affluent areas in the suburbs.  These areas tend to have a greater distance between homes, which provides greater privacy, but also greater isolation from neighbours. The neighbourhood tends to be more secure, with fewer safety issues for children.  The houses also tend to be larger, allowing for more privacy within the family and greater isolation between members. Statistics Canada defines low-income neighbourhoods as those where one in every five households is under the poverty level. People in low-income neighbourhoods experience deep levels of poverty. They tend to be located in the inner city.  They tend to be less safe and secure for children with higher rates of criminal activity and violence.  There are fewer detached houses and more apartment blocks and they also tend to be more ethnically diverse. Social disorganization is seen to develop when a community is no longer able to maintain social control over youth peer groups who have too much time on their hands and few responsibilities.  The Youth often engage in delinquent acts in the absence of supervision. This means that these neighbourhoods often experience a number of disadvantages such as poverty, deteriorated housing, criminality, and single-parent households. The risk factors for children in high-poverty areas  Inadequate mainstream socialization whereby children may have lowers verbal skills and more behavioural problems.  They have less social capital and may not have the skills needed in the workplace or in their personal lives.  Children may be less well supervised and experience fear and mistrust of others in their neighbourhoods.  Children may experience detriments to their mental health and have a greater probability of being delinquent or experiencing bullying, sexual abuse, substance abuse, and early pregnancy. ‘Critical Mass’  A certain percentage of low-income neighbours increases the likelihood of behavioural problems and school difficulties.  This ‘critical mass’ decreases the possibility that children will be well supervised by both their own families and by neighbours.  Neighbourhoods with a critical mass of affluent families tend to engage in more collect
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 2235

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit