Textbook Notes (362,880)
Canada (158,081)
Sociology (1,668)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7

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Western University
Sociology 2235
Gale Cassidy

Chapter 7y Family work is often unpaid and unrecognizedy Division of labour in the family is often unfair especially after the birth of children y in past societies men were responsible for caring for the children y older idea for child rearing is that we should toughen children up for the real world y women used to be an important part of economic production y term housework came from the rise of industrial capitalismy labour saving appliances such as vacuum cleaners eased womens entry into paid work y women worked more outside the home when massproduced clothing happened y standards of housework rose o cleanliness norms were instruments for social control and normalization ththo hygiene revolution of the late 19 and early 20 C y homes were made attractive out of love y home economists worked to raise the esteem of homemakers by promoting the idea that new home technologies needed skilled operators y with the growing drive to consume women needed to work to increase family income y United Nations estimated in the year 1995 the unpaid work women did would translate to 11 trillion dollars of fair market value y Marilyn Waring argues housework is real work and ought to be considered as part of a countrys gross national product y Census of Canada in 1996 started asking questions about the number of house spend on unpaid housework unpaid childcare and unpaid care or help to seniors y Family allowances recognized unpaid work o Give women payment and recognition for child rearing o Monthly payment based on number of kids only to women y Family allowances stopped in 1992 and was replaced with Child Tax Credit program o Targets low and middle income families y Wives do twice as much work as husbands y Nakhaie found when husbands work hours increase beyond 30 hours a week their contribution to housework decreases but when womens work hours increase beyond 30 hours a week their contribution to housework increases y Women are under a double dayhouse work and homework y Men contribute to household maintenance and repair y Husbands are more satisfied with housework task arrangements than wives y Gendering in the paid workforce promotes gendered work at home y Women today are still channelled into traditionally female occupations y Incomes are gendered women working full time earn 71 of what men earn o The gap is nearly 0 for education young single men and women in professional or managerial occupations y women are earning 093 for every dollar men get
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