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Ch 7 Patel Stuffed and Starved- Glycine Rex.doc

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Western University
Sociology 2239
Alissa Mazar

Ch.7 – Glycine Rex • Most of the ingredients in a chocolate bar aren’t there to add to its taste – they’ve been added to make it easier to manufacture the bar, store it, ship it and keep it on the shelves • Lecithin – an additive that makes fats and waters mix • Lecithin was first added in 1992: it has recently been abandoned by some of the world’s boutique makers as an unnecessary additive • It comes from soy beans and is a component in nearly ¾ of products on supermarket shelves, and in most fast food products • It occupies a key place in the world food system because of its utility to everyone except the consumer • Linneaus named soybeans Glycine Max – ‘glycine’ for sweet, ‘max’ referring to the large nodules on the roots through which they convert atmospheric nitrogen into compounds that help to fertilize the soil • Soy contains plenty of protein which is suggested we should induce 35-50 grams every day • Soy is a functional food – but it order for it to function, it needs to be processed • The human digestive system fumbles raw soy, while farm animals cope with it very well – which is why the large majority of the soy consumed by people has first been eaten by animals • At the end of the first World War, US agriculture faced a glut (surplus) • Farmers increased production to meet domestic market requirements and government demands – borrowing in able to do so and bringing new land into production • US farms found themselves with too much soy and too few markets • Through the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl years the remains of the topsoil desiccated and rendered infertile by ploughing and poor farm practises • Anything that could bind and regenerate the soil was prized – soy • Soy was classified as a crop that could improve the soil, and therefore one that the government was prepared to subsidize • Even industrialists began using the magical bean such as Henry Ford – hosting a conference and gala dinner where everything he wore was made from soy and everything served as food was soy-based • Ford hoped to meld farm and factory, to turn farm produce into Ford products • By 1935, every Ford car had a bushel of soy involved in its manufacture • The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) opened the world’s largest soy extraction facility in Decatur, Illinois – home of the soy industry today • In 1939-40 there was a peak in production because of the expectation of a massive increase in soy oil exports • WWI – agricultural output grew to cover a domestic deficit in key crops • WWII – it grew not only to ensure sufficiency at home, but to provide sufficient food for Allied partners overseas • After WWII the danger for the US soy industry was that Europe, and other parts of the world would cease to be a market for US-produced agricultural goods • Concerns would be managed by a set of US policies after the war, including PL- 480 food aid programme through intentional aid policies • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) – agreement was that EU would concentrate on the production of cereals, while the US would maintain its domination of the oilseed market • End of the 1960’s – US exported in excess of 90% of the world’s soybeans and just under ¾ of its oil and meal • These trade negotiations helped the US to secure temporary control of the world soy market • Within a decade (Kennedy Round), the US yielded its dominance of processed soy to a country with one of the highest concentrations of poverty on earth, Brazil • Ellen G. White – one of the key women behind the soy boom • Her and her followers were the first white people in the United States to make tofu and used soy as a meat substitute due to religious beliefs • The slogan on the Brazilian flag reads “Order and Progress” – it is the slogan of one of the most successful 19 century religions – positivism (Auguste Compte) • Comte had come to accept that monarchy was a bad idea, and it was for the best that there would be no more French Kings • One day, if people chose wisely, all religions would fade to altruism, private property would be abolished, and all would live in equality – this was not the case • He side that guided by positivist ideals, bankers could shape a society of the highest firm, one in which altruism, equality and justice, would reign • After WWII B
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