Sociology 1020 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Unification Church, Quebec Nationalism

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30 Jan 2013
- Introduction:
- First half of twentieth century Canada appeared to be very religious
- Great amount of Canadians contributed money to religious charities
- Canada was a Christian nation
- Significant religious division in Canada-> Protestants Vs. Catholics
- 1940s-> 60% of Canadians attended church weekly
- 1990s-> 20% of protestants/30% Christians attend church (big drop)
- Canada falls between Europe/US in terms of measures of religious belief
- Sociologists predicted that religion would decline in significance as societies
- Defining Religion:
- Functionalist definitions of religion-> Focuses on what religion does and tend
to suffer from reverse limitation-> Too broad/inclusive
- Religion system of beliefs/practices by means of which a group struggles
with ultimate problems of human life
- Religion-> System of beliefs/practices about transcendent things, their
nature and implications for humanity
- Measuring Religiosity:
- Measuring religiosity is an issue-> Complex blend of different
minds/attitudes and people can be religious in different manners
- Eight dimensions of religious life: 1) Experiential-> Whether people think
they have contact with the supernatural
- Ritualistic-> Level of participation in public rites
- Devotional-> Level of participation in activities
- Belief-> Degree to which they agree with faith
- Knowledge-> Degree of understanding of beliefs of religion
- Consequential-> Effects of religion on everyday life
- Communal-> Extent to which they associate with other members of same
- Particularistic-> Degree to which they think their religion is only true
manner of salvation
- Marx- Religion and Ideology:
- Religion serves to justify rule of one class over another
- Beliefs/teachings of state are illusions that are designed to compensate
peoples miserable lives presently and promise them rewards for good
behavior in another life
- Distracts people from viewing real source of deprivation->
Economic/political exploitation at hands of dominant class
- Christian messages emphasizes what happens in this world is less important
than what happens in the supposed next world-> Discourages people from
thinking about themselves in this world
- Durkheim- Religion and Social Solidarity:
- Religious beliefs had protected moral integrity of social relations
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