Social roles: the behaviors that are expected of people occupying particular social positions. Gender refers to social meanings associated with being a man or a woman. Sex refers to the biological characteristics of men and women. The fact that gender is largely learned and that its content is continually renewed and altered through social interaction has 3 implications: gender identities and behaviors are not stable and fixed. Gender inequalities: hierarchical asymmetries between men and women with respect to the distribution of power, material well-being, and prestige. This does not imply that men always have greater prestige etc. However it does imply that on average compared with women, men have more wealth, power etc. 3 dimensions of inequality: power: the capacity to impose your will on others, regardless of any resistance they might offer. Capacity to influence, manipulate and control others: material well-being: involves access to the economic resources necessary to pay for food, clothing, housing, and other possessions and advantages.