Textbook Notes (368,448)
Canada (161,886)
Sociology (1,780)
Lisa Lyons (24)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6: Issues in Canadian Policing

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2253A/B
Professor
Lisa Lyons
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter6IssuesinCanadianPolicingPoliceDiscretionBearevR1988InthiscasetheSupremeCourtofCanadaruledthatdiscretionisanessentialpartofthecriminaljusticesystemTheCriminalCodeprovidesnoguidelinesfortheexerciseofdiscretioninanyoftheseareasThedaytodayoperationoflawenforcementandthecriminaljusticesystemnonethelessdependsupontheexerciseofthatdiscretionFactorsinvolvedwhenthepoliceusetheirdiscretionareTypeofcrimeattitudeofsuspectdepartmentalpoliciesRobergandKuykendall1993threeelementsDecidingwhethertogetinvolvedDetermininghowtobehaveSelectingoneofmanyalternativesGoldstein1960Develop2categoriesofpolicedecretionInvocationdiscretiondecidestoarrestNoninvocationdiscretionpoliceofficercanarrestbutchoosesnottoFactorsAffectingPoliceOfficersDecisiontoArrestSituationalVariablesPublicsettingsvsprivatesettingspolicearemorelikelytoarrestsomeoneinapublicsettingthenprivatePresenceofotherofficerspoliceofficerwouldprobablyactdifferentaloneLegalandExtralegalfactorsSeriousnessofthecrimemorelikelytomakearrestStrengthoftheevidencemoreliketomakearrestifevidenceisstrongPreferenceofthevictimarrestmorelikelywhenavictimorthecomplainantrequeststhattheofficermakeanarrestRelationshipbetweenthevictimandthesuspectmorelikelytoarrestisthesuspectisastrangerratherthensomeonetheyknowDemeanorofthesuspectdisrespectfulCharacteristicsoftheneighbourhoodmorelikelytomakearrestsinlowincomeneighbourhoodsCommunityVariablesRacesocialclassandattitudesofcitizensincommunitiesFindthelowincomesaremorelikelytochallengepolicesauthorityGreaterdangerneighbourhoodsmorelikelytoignoreminorcrimesRatesofreportedcrimeandlocallegalcultureThePoliceCulturePolicecultureistheacceptedpracticesrulesandprinciplesofconductthataresituationallyappliedandgeneralizedrationalesandbeliefsManning1995Itisimportanttostudythepolicecultureliesinthesignificanceithasfortheeverydayactionsofpoliceofficers
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