Textbook Notes (367,824)
Canada (161,435)
Sociology (1,741)
Lisa Lyons (24)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9: Sentencing and Punishment

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2253A/B
Professor
Lisa Lyons
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter9SentencingandPunishmentSentencingSentencinghasbeendefinedasthejudicialdeterminationofalegalsanctiontobeimposedonapersonfoundguiltyofanoffenceCanadianSentencingCommission1987153AccordingtoRobertsandCole1999thisbriefdefinitionincludesallthetraditionalelementsnamelythatthesanctionmustbelegalitmustbeimposedbyajudgeanditcanfollowacriminalconvictionThisneedstobedistinguishedfromtheactualsentencethedispositionimposedontheoffenderAdispositionreferstotheactualsanctionimposedinsentencingLawReformCommissionofCanada19744orthejudicialdeterminationoflegalsanctiontobeimposedonapersonfoundguiltyofanoffenceCanadianSentencingCommission1987153PhilosophicalRationaleofSentencingDeterrenceReferstotheprotectioninofsocietythroughthepreventionofcriminalactsThereare2typesofdeterrence1Specificintendedtodiscourageindividualsfromengaginginfurtherbehaviorthatledtotheirconviction2GeneralpunishinganoffenderisintendedtohaveanimpactonthemembersofsocietyisintendedtomakeinonmembersofsocietySelectiveincapacitationChroniccriminalsRehabilitationTreatmentprogramsJusticeSeriousnessofcrimepluspriorrecordProportionalityofcrimeandpunishmentRestorationRepairingtheharmdoneHealingReintegrationofvictimsoffendersandthecommunityHowDoJudgesDecideonaSentenceJudgesdonotreachtheirsentencingdecisionsinanarbitrarywayastheiroptionsarerestrictedbylawAtthesametimejudgeshavecertainparameterswithinwhichtheycanindividualizesentencesonthebasisofanoffenderscharacteristicsJudgescannotselectanypunishmenttheywishfortheyaregovernedbythreefactorsthatareintegraltothesentencingprocessinCanadaThefirsttwodeterminethesentencingoptionsavailabletothejudgethethirdframestheoptionsfromwhichajudgeselectsasentence1ThedirectiongiveninthestatutesgenerallytheCriminalCodeinrelationtotheparticularoffence2Rulesandprinciplesthatofferguidancetothejudgeastowhichdispositionsshouldbeused
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