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Chapter 2

Sociology 2267A/B Chapter 2: Chapter 2

Course Code
SOC 2267A/B
Tara L Fidler- Bruno

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Chapter 2 Measuring Youth Crime in Canada An Elusive Challenge
Defining Youth Crime
- legal definition of youth crime focuses primarily on predatory and aggressive behaviour
that is deemed punishable by law
Measuring Delinquency: Historical Overview
- most crime is property related
- most delinquents occur in urban centers
- family problems are often associated
- most common risk factor, characteristic: being the product of parental neglect or
- more males than females
- socialization mode: children given extra attention by parents and society
- helping mode: explosion of faddish techniques for child rearing and discipline
Characteristics of today`s young offenders
- official data records of youth whose illegal activities have come to the attention of
various social control agencies
- young males more than young females
- male involved in crime increased with age
- female involvement peaks at around age 15
- males more likely to be accused of sexual assault, drug possession, attempted murder
and weapons offences
- females = prostitution, common assault and fraud
- 12-17 = peak age for crime and then begins to decline
- those who are younger are more likely to engage in property crime
- older youth are more likely to commit administrative offences
- crime severity index shows us there is a decline
- non violent crimes are declining
- current legislation no longer provides for the transfer of youth to adult court as the
focus of the YJCA
Measures of Youth Crime: Unofficial Picture
- self report surveys: questionnaire designed to ask people to report their involvement in
- 80 percent said they did a crime and 3% was detected by police
- victimization survey: questionnaire survey designed to measure the experiences of
respondents as victims of crime
- young people are more likely to be victims of crime
- greater at risk of assault, sexual and rob
- males more likely than females to report
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