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Sociology 2270A/B

Text chapter 1Chapter 1Definition of SociologyThe study of social behaviour and relationships Explains why members of some groups behave differently than members of other groupsModern development of sociology is due to the Industrial RevolutionFrench RevolutionBoth lead to changes and growth of trade and cities as well as a new organization of workEarly SociologistsAuguste Comtecredited by some as the founder of sociology Sociologists would be priests to guide societyEmile Durkheimsociety was like the human body various segments work for the wholeKarl Marxsocieties are founded on power coercion and conflictFunctionalismFunction social arrangements exist because they benefit societyEquilibrium stability based on balance among parts and consensusDysfunctions problems that occurDevelopment progress through differentiation to develop new forms and their integrationConflict TheoryPower holds society togetherConflict societys natural stateBourgeoisie owners of capital dominateProletariat workersRevolution was the means of changeSymbolic Interactionism Micro smallscale perspectiveEmphasizes subjective over objectiveBehaviour and attitudes depend on how people construct their social worldAgents individuals have goals and pursue themMead people interact by strings of symbols eg LanguageBlumer people act toward things on the basis of meanings those things have for themGame Theory what one chooses depends on what others chooseFeminist TheoriesFocus on women and genderMore activist raises consciousnessInterdisciplinary taking leadership rolesAccept a broader range of approach to researchMix different sociological approachesMULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONSOne of the major concerns of sociology isaexplain individual sources of behaviourbthe difference between cultural transmission and cultural uniformitycto explain how membership insocial groups affects individual behaviourdthe source of deviant behavioureto study the production and consumption of resourcesSymbolic interactionism focuses onaa macro level of analysisbthe place of art in societyccultural integrationdthe autonomy of individualseconversational analysis in groupsFeminist approaches include the following except aan examination of gender as one variable among manyblooking at the informal and hidden aspects of social lifecan examination of gender rolesda more disciplinary approacheacceptance of a variety of sociological modelsWeber more than Durkheim believed that sociology should includealinguistic relativismbsubjective states of the individualcmechanical solidaritydacebcanswers 1c 2d 3a 4bSociological Theory Lecture 1Goals of sociology oDescribe the social worldoExplain how and whyoCritique existing social arrangementsThe term sociology was coined by Auguste Comte in 1988Religion was the most important before this timeWithin sociology there are sociological perspectives they look at thing differently based on experiences and impact how you understand something no one is more correct than the otherThe sociological theory is based on theoretical paradigmsa basic image of society that guides thinking and researchoFour main theoretical paradigms structural functionalism conflict theory symbolic internationalism and feminismoThey impact how your research is donelooked atStructural FunctionalismFounding fatherEmile DurkheimoModern society creates anomiea condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals normalnessoWe are all different but we NEED each otherA macro level orientation broad patterns that shape society as a wholeThinks of society as a body parts working together to achieve balance if one part is disabled than all parts will be affected Keys structures are stable patterns of social behaviourframe work hold everything together AND institutions are subsystems of enduring patterns of social relationshipsexamples of this are family and religionThe normal state of the system is equilibriumChange has to be slow so there is time to adapt they do not like changeFunctions of social processes every activity on society has beneficial consequences for the system AND these consequences are their functions and they explain the activityfunction of family is to reproduce create workers and then consumeFunctionspositive AND Dysfunctionsnegativeprostitution must be positive because its been with us so long it must serve a purpose in society Types of FunctionsoManifest functionsare intendedconsequences of an activityoLatent functionsare unintendedand often unrecognized but socially important consequences of an activity social networking Critique too broad ignores inequalities of social class race and gender focuses on stability at the expense of conflict and assumes natural order structural functionalism is not very popular anymore
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