Textbook Notes (363,597)
Canada (158,456)
Sociology (1,671)
Kim Shuey (10)

Dobson and Schnall; From Stress to Distress.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Sociology 3308F/G
Kim Shuey

Dobson and Schnall; "From Stress to Distress: The Impact of Work on Mental Health" Wednesday, January 29, 2014 3:11 PM • Stress can cause psychological distress when prolonged • Work-related stress can exacerbate mental illness • Psychological stress linked to absenteeism, job dissatisfaction, and turnover Stress: The Ambiguous Threat • Anxiety, depression, burnout, associated with prolonged exposure to stressful work • Stress is a normal hman experience, can motivate in short term, exhaust in long term • Stress now seen as; "environmental demands that tax or exceed the adaptive capacity of the individual leading to psychological and biological changes which may place the individual at risk of disease" • Can elicit physiological responses • Stressors can be small, big, short term, long term, beneficial, or harmful • One's life circumstances can account for variation in exposure to stress • Chronic exposure to psychological stressors Is hazardous to health Depression, Anxiety, and Burnout • Depression is a serious health condition, affects thoughts, feelings, and everyday lives of those who suffer from it, affects relationships and work performance • Women tend to experience minor depression and psychological stress it greater proportions than men • Exposure to greater stress as part of traditional gender roles • Women socialized into passivity, "learned helplessness" • Depression has multiple causes • Anxiety; an emotional state with physiological signs; increased blood pressure, heart rate, sweating, dryness of mouth, etc. • Chronic anxiety can also be a personality trait • Relationship between high stress work and anxiety has mixed results • Burnout; syndrome fundamentally linked to the workplace, parenting, and athletic performances • Result of prolonged exposure to chronic job stressors • Emotional exhaustion, depersionalization or cynicism, lack of professional efficacy or personal accomplishment • All 3 can be present in the same individuals • Anxiety often precedes the development of depressive disorders • Burnout more related to chronic stress at work, depression can have a multitude of precipitating factors • Many people suffer quietly with depression that may be from non work factors • Some find work factors exacerbate already existing depression The Organization of Work and Mental Health • Hard to locate responsibility for psychological illness in work environment • More immediate demands taking precedence for unionms over working conditions • Fewer and lower health benefits than ever are being paid out to workers • Oregon, one of the most liberal states in regards to worker compensation, only responded to .000045% of stress claims by workers • New legislative act set ne legal standards for proving work-related mental illness o "material contributing cause" and if a medical condition resulted from a discrete incident, and o "major contributing cause" when a medical condition result of repeated exposure to adverse work actitives over time • After 1990 mental claims could only be found under the second • Standard of evidence of mental illness also raised • Research shows strong association between certain detrimental forms of work organization and psychological distress and mental illness • New areas of psychological stress at work are being identified • Emotional labor: work that requires emotional interactions with clients or customers • Has effects on the mental health of employees, only beginning to be studied • Most studies do not investigate how psychological well being or illness influence an individuals experience of job characteristics Job Strain and Mental Health • Karasek's job strain model assess a range of jobs that vary by demands and control • Large and growing body of research linking work stressors to anxiety, depressive disorders, depressive symptoms, and burnout • Even after controlling for personality factors, occupational characteristics can lead to psychological harm • Some evidence shows work experience can shape persoanlity factors • Many studies have shown an association between job strain and some form of psychological distress • High demands, low social support at work, and low decision making authority predict depression • Job stressor can cause depressive symptoms in people without pre-existing depressive symptoms • Demand and low control are associated with burnout • Burnout can be a pathway to depression • Those with high job strain most more likely to experience burnout and depression Effort Reward and Mental Health • Social reciprocity - receive comparable reward for effort expended • Effort-reward-imbalance developed by Johannes Siegrist to
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 3308F/G

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.