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Chapter 3

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Sociology 3321F/G

Stages of family life: 2 types: 1. Arranged marriage 2. Love marriage -in the preindustrial world, marriage is seen too big a matter to be left to the young, therefore, arranged marriage takes place -this is a cross-cultural thing -arranged marriagealliances w/ 2 families w/ similar social standing (ex. Power, assets, religion, wealth) coming together and bringing these assets together and making them larger -thus, wealth and prestige will correspondingly increase -love has little to do w/ this marriage (but relative not absolute) -sometimes the child has veto power -socialization tends to prepare people for traditional gender roles -therefore, people tend to be emotionally prepared for married life -cultural compatibility is more important than emotional compatibility Love marriage: -relative -mistaken assumption that they have always existed -in 1900s, in Ontario marriages were arranged -b/c largely rural; people worked the land -thus, when one family marries into another family, the land holdings grow larger -came to be due to the rise of liberalism ad multiculturalism -emergence of Hollywood in the 20 century Love and mate selection: -as industrial revolution gets going, the social events cause the collapse of arranged marriage -therefore, there was more urbanization and people gave up their land -so the extended family was replaced by the nuclear family -the nuclear family has less influence on children than the extended family -if there is more social pressure brought on people who want to do their own thing then there is more influence on that individual -but if families get smaller, the amount of social pressure the family can exert decreases -the nuclear family fosters individualism”I will select my own partner” What does this have to do w/ romantic love? -this comes from the industrial revolution and the emergence of the labour market -under tradition, farm workers hold that plot of land -and so children depended on their parents -with the industrial revolution, people gave up their land, moved to the city, and joined a part of the labour market -thus, employers gave workers the money and no longer have to rely on parents -when people are economically independent, they tend to be emotionally independent, thus children tend to go their own way -parents can’t do anything about it -therefore, romantic love fit in with this -affection and sexual passion become basis of marriage -ex. Cinderella who find handsome prince -ex. Harlequin romancespulp fiction -cheap stories about men falling in love w/ women -love motivates people to leave the nest and form a family of their own -can say that love can help people difficult times -love can wax and wanelike a roller coaster -critiques say love is an unstable foundation for marriage -divorce rates are higher than arranged marriages -more social pressure to maintain an unhappy marriage in tradition -we don’t have pure love marriage in Western societies -there are social factors required in mate selection -financial, status, knowledge -inclination to maximize financial assets seen here as well Dun and Bradstreet: -recommend that we check our partner’s credit rating -third parties get involved, sometimes applied by family or applied by neighbourhoods -before in Ontario, it was considered a scandal if a Christian married a Christian (catholic marry a protestant=mixed marriage) -thus, people married w/n their own religion as well -most people tend to fall in love w/ others of the same race, ethnicity, and social class -ex. Tina
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