Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
Western (10,000)
SOC (2,000)
Chapter week 3

Sociology 3404F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter week 3: Symbolic Interactionism, Social Forces, Kylie Jenner

Course Code
SOC 3404F/G
Robert Nonomura
week 3

of 5
Holly Einhorn
3404 Reading
Chapter 7 Society as Symbolic Interaction
Mead laying the bare fundamental premises of the approach yet he did little to develop its
methodological implications for sociological studies (90)
Aim of this piece present the basic premises of the point of view and to develop their
methodological consequences for the study of human group life
Symbolic interaction refers to the peculiar and distinctive character of interaction as it takes
places between human beings huas defie eah other’s atios istead of erel reatig to
eah other’s atio
the response is not made directly to the action of one another but is based on the meaning which
they attach such action
Human interaction is mediated by the use of symbols, by interpretation or by ascertaining the
eaig of oe aother’s atios = to isertig a proess of iterpretatio etee stiulus ad
response in human behaviour
Key Features i Mead’s Aalysis is that the hua beig has a self
Human being can be the object of his own action acts towards himself as he does to
others getting angry with oneself, telling himself to do or to not do something
The ability for the human to act toward himself is the central mechanism with which the
human being faces and deals with his world (92)
The mechanism enables him to use his surrounding to guide his actions
Today people use Instagram as a platform to present oneself Instagram would be the
surroundings in which one would choose how to act
When the human is conscious he is indicating to himself the appearance of a friend, knock
at the door, ringing of a phone
When the human is unconscious is when he is not indicating to himself
Conscious = a constant flow of self-indications things he deals with and takes into account
Mead said the importance is making indications to oneself two lines
1. First, to indicate is to extract from the setting, give it meaning and make it into an
object object is a product of the individuals disposition to act instead of being
antecedent stimulus that evokes the act (93)
He constructs his objects on the basis of on-going activities getting, dress,
preparing for a job etc.
The individual is designating different objects to himself, giving them meaning,
judging their suitability to his action and making decisions based on that action
2. Humans make indications to himself is that his action is constructed or built up instead
of being random releases
The individual must think about how he must conduct his actions, how they
will be received, the threats that may come with it and the conditions
The human pieces together and guides action by taking into account and
interpreting their significance for his prospective action self-induction
This represents how people go about Instagram today we build an
aestheti that is so arefull ostruted by taking in what others have
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
posted and how they will perceive the type of person I may be by looking at
my timeline
Self-indication is a moving communicative process in which the individual notes, assesses, and gives
meaning and decides to act on the basis of the meaning
Eiroetal pressures do’t eplai the proess of self-indication the process stands over
against them in that the individual points out to himself and interprets the appearance or
expressions of such things, noting a given social demand made, realizes the command and then
acts to satisfy possibly buying something thik aout the Klie Jeer lip raze
Some people will give into such pressures not because of the environmental pressure but how
they give meaning to it (94)
Self-indication exists in its own right always takes place in social context
Group Action individuals aligning their actions to the action of others discovering what they are doing
or intending to do
Mead this is taking on the role of the others either person or group generalized other
When I think of the generalized other I think of protestors. People interpret (some) protests as a
grounds for acting recklessly the person interprets the protest as a grounds for destruction and
aligns that action to the group he/she is interpreting the action of others
In sum, human society is made of individuals who have selves the action is constructed being built
up by the individual thru noting and interpreting features of a situation in which he acts; the group
aligs idiidual atios rought forard  the idiidual’s iterpretig eah other’s atios
“oiologial thought does’t reall thik of hua soieties oposed of idiiduals seles we are
organizations responding to forces brought upon us e are a soial sste ulture 95
As members of a social system our behaviour is an expression of the factors and forces brought
upon us
People that make up society are treated as the media through which such factors operate and social
action is regarded as expression of such factors the point of view denies the human has a self
does’t ostitute self-indication
Self-indication stands over the human just as it stands over the social factors that are played upon
the human
“oiologial oepts do’t see soial atios of the idiidual as eig ostruted  the ut is a
product of factors which play on and through individual social action is a flow of forces playing on
them rather than being built up by them thru their interpretation of the situations they are placed in
One side (symbolic interaction) social action is created in acting individuals who fit their respective
lines of action to one another thru a process of interpretation
The other side (sociological concepts) social action is the action of society or in some unit of society
Group action is regarded as outward expression lodged in society or the group as cultural demands,
norms etc this concept ignores the view of group life as a consisting collective action of individuals
seeking to meet their life situations people are seek to meet these social expectations by
transcending to the social forces which are lodged into society the people who make up the
group then become carriers fir the expression of social forces and interpret the behaviour by which
they give meaning to (96)
Empirical implications
Must show under what conditions the units act
Primary condition is that the action takes place under a certain condition
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Second condition, that action is formed by interpreting the situation the person has to identify
certain factors such as stress, demands, dangers ect. has to assess these factors and make a
decision based on the assessment
Situations encountered by people are structured by them in the same way (96)
Though previous interactions we develop a common understanding about how to handle certain
situations create a common definition by which enables people to act alike when someone
opens the door for you we know to thank them
The student or Sociologist must take the role of the acting unit to study behaviour
Since the interpretation is made by the acting unit in terms of the meaning acquired and objects
designated the process has to be seen from the stand point of the acting unit (97)
Soc studies human society in terms of structure or organization and treat social action as a product
of structure and organization
Sociological interest is focused around organization difference between sociological views and
symbolic interaction
To view organization in terms of the functions its suppose to perform and to study societal
organization as a system seeking equilibrium (98)
The latter view sees organizations (symbolic interaction view) as important but is not the
determinant of human action instead human action creates social organization
Social organization changes because of the activity of the acting units
Symbolic interaction people do’t at toard ulture the at toard the situatio
Social organization only becomes action to the extent to which it shapes situations in which people
act and the extent to which it supplies a fixed set of symbols people use to interpret the situation
The most important element confronting an acting unit in situations is the actions of other acting
units action may go beyond the social organization when confronting new situations because the
reaction has yet to be standardized
The Procedure of a Sociologist is (99)
a) Identify human society in terms of an established or organized form
b) Identify some factor or condition of change playing upon the human society or the given part of
it and
c) Identify the new form assumed by the society following upon the play of the factor of change
Chapter 8- Intro to the Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
When a person enters the presence of another they look to acquire knowledge about the
person questions about SES, attitude, conception of self etc (101)
This information helps define the situation what to expect of him and what
to expect from him
Even when un-introduced to the individual the person can get clues from his conduct and
appearance which allow them to apply their previous experience with others roughly similar to
this one and apply stereotypes to him
o They understand the individual by means of the environment they have seen them in as
well as if they know OF the individual prior to the encounter what to expect from them
think roommate situations Michelle and Carly
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com