Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,781)
Kim Luton (123)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Family.docx

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Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Chapter #10- Families - Definitions of Marriage and Family: - Marriage-> Commitment or ongoing exchange - Expressive changes-> Emotional dimension of marriage (Love, sexual things) - Instrumental changes-> Task oriented part (Income, maintaining household) - Family-> Two or more people related by blood or other forms of commitment - Number of partners in the marriage: - Monogamy-> Most regular type of marriage in nearly all societies - Polygyny-> Type of polygamy that involves husband sharing - Polyandry-> Type of polygamy that involves brothers who share a wife (extremely rare) - Consanguine Versus Nuclear Bonds: - Consanguine family is when family is of the utmost importance and family controls all aspects of life (economic production, political units with regards to family) - Networks of relatives important in Consanguine - Nuclear Family is when family networking is less important - Emphasis on spousal bond - More concerned with own children rather than ancestors - Uniformity and Family Patterns: - Incest taboo: - Prohibiting sex/marriage for close biological relatives (common in nearly all societies) - Restricting sexual activity to only between spouses prevents rivalry and a family from breaking up - Requirement to marry outside family spreads the kinship network because you gain alliances/friendships with other families - Importance of inheritance: - Families can be joined through the passing down of property - Inheritance that links generations produces social relationships that continue to the future - Intergenerational transfers promotes inequalities within families - Family Change: - First transition (1870-1950) brought smaller families and involved a change in economic costs in terms of children - New cultural environment that made it appropriate to control family size - Second transition involves 3 sub stages: 1) End of baby boom/end of marrying at a young age and rising divorce trends - 2) Growth of common law unions/children in social unions - 3) Levelling of divorce rates/climax in fertility - Gold age of the family-> Period when life was family centered - Marriage occurred at young ages/ almost everyone married - Macro or Structural Explanations: - Structural functionalism-> family groups had a large number of functions in pre industrial societies (units of economic production, political action) - Individuals depended on family for protection/cope with issues - Changes in family are related to societal changes (changes in economic structures) - Families have become less central t organization of society - Micro or Cultural Explanations: - Within families-> Propose that expressive activities have become less crucial - In non-industrial societies individuals got emotional gratification from religion/community - Communities held together by mechanical solidarity-> Sense of immediate belonging with surrounding community - Industrial societies held together by organic solidarity-> I
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