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Chapter 14

Chapter 14 Organizations and Work.docx

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Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Organizations and Work - What is work? - Work-> Activity that makes physical materials, services or mental ideas more useful - Humans conceptualize the end of the product before even beginning - Human work is purposive and conscious - Humans create things through thought and not instinct - The Division of Labor: - Earliest human societies division of labor classified through gender/age - In agrarian (farming) societies division of labour classified by also class and social status (particularly in feudal system) - Industrial societies individuals much more dependant on eachother - Industrial society has complex division of labor (production divided among many people) - Industrialization: - Many people don’t have a say over work-> Concern for many people - Durkheim said division of labor would lead to anomie (people feel a sense of normlessness) - The Rise of Scientific Management and Fordism: - Fredrick Taylor founder of scientific management - Study led to a system of people working in a very repetitive manner-> Aimed at controlling actions for maximum input - Fordism-> Mass production for a mass market - Responses to Ford and Taylor: - Only works when products are standardized, doesn’t work for production in small numbers - Unions/individual workers rejected this kind of work - Where we work- The many faces of organizations: - Formal organizations-> Established to
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