Textbook Notes (363,103)
Canada (158,195)
Sociology (1,668)
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Chapter 11

Chapter 11 Religion.docx

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Western University
Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Religion - Introduction: - First half of twentieth century Canada appeared to be very religious - Great amount of Canadians contributed money to religious charities - Canada was a Christian nation - Significant religious division in Canada-> Protestants Vs. Catholics - 1940s-> 60% of Canadians attended church weekly - 1990s-> 20% of protestants/30% Christians attend church (big drop) - Canada falls between Europe/US in terms of measures of religious belief - Sociologists predicted that religion would decline in significance as societies modernized - Defining Religion: - Functionalist definitions of religion-> Focuses on what religion does and tend to suffer from reverse limitation-> Too broad/inclusive - Religion system of beliefs/practices by means of which a group struggles with ultimate problems of human life - Religion-> System of beliefs/practices about transcendent things, their nature and implications for humanity - Measuring Religiosity: - Measuring religiosity is an issue-> Complex blend of different minds/attitudes and people can be religious in different manners - Eight dimensions of religious life: 1) Experiential-> Whether people think they have contact with the supernatural - Ritualistic-> Level of participation in public rites - Devotional-> Level of participation in activities - Belief-> Degree to which they agree with faith - Knowledge-> Degree of understanding of beliefs of religion - Consequential-> Effects of religion on everyday life - Communal-> Extent to which they associate with other members of same belief - Particularistic-> Degree to which they think their religion is only true manner of salvation - Marx- Religion and Ideology: - Religion serves to justify rule of one class over another - Beliefs/teachings of state are illusions that are designed to compensate peoples miserable lives presently and promise them rewards for good behavior in another life - Distracts people from viewing real source of deprivation-> Economic/political exploitation at hands of dominant class - Christian messages emphasizes what happens in this world is less important than what happens in the supposed next world-> Discourages people from thinking about themselves in this world - Durkheim- Religion and Social Solidarity: - Religious beliefs had protected moral integrity of social relations - Hold individualistic impulses, brings upon a need to serve the group over your own interests - Concerned about what will happen if religion falls off in moderns society - Distinctive trait of religion is division of all things into two conflicting categories: 1) Sacred 2) Profane - Sacred-> Set apart/treated with a special respect - What is sacred in any society is highly valuable - Set in stone - Profane-> Circulates - Through practice of religion members of group are bonded together - Weber- Protestantism and Rise of Capitalism: - Common feature among modernity-> Ascetic ethic of vocation - Ascetic-> Strict/disciplined - Vocation-> Approach to ones work - People involved in creation/operation of early systems of gov’t, business and law performed tasks with lack of concern for immediate material belief - First capitalists different from traditional merchants because they didn’t spend profit on new things so they cou
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